ʻO Chechen teips a me ko lākou kumu

I ka wā lōʻihi, ua ulu ka taipa, a ua hoʻonui ʻia ka māhele ʻano i loko o lākou. Mai ke kenekulia 15, mai ka wā i hoʻomaka ai ka poʻe Chechen e neʻe i ka pāpū, ua hoʻomaka ka huelo e wāwahi i  lālā - nā lālā, hiki i kēlā me kēia mea ke hana i kāna huelo ponoʻī. Ua haʻihaʻi ʻo Gars i kekahi  - ua unuhi ʻia kēia huaʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he "ala" a i ʻole "ke keiki."

Hiki ke kapa ʻia ʻo Saipudi Nataev he typologist. Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā hana he nui e pili ana i ke ʻano pilikanaka o ka Chechen taip. E like me kekahi kanaka ʻepekema, koho nui ʻo Saipudi i nā huaʻōlelo - ʻaʻole makemake ʻo ia i ka wā i kapa ʻia ka taip he ʻohana. Ua manaʻoʻiʻo ʻo ia ʻo ka huaʻōlelo "brotherhood" ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pilina ma loko o kēia hale.

ʻO ke kumu a me ka maʻemaʻe o ka taip i ka hui Chechen he pilikia koʻikoʻi. ʻO nā ʻelele o nā ʻano like ʻole e kapa iā lākou iho he aristocratic a maʻemaʻe. ʻO kekahi o nā hōʻike o ka wā kahiko o ka ʻohana ʻo ia ka noho ʻana o kona hale kiaʻi ponoʻī - he 84 mau ʻano wale nō. Ma kēiaʻano,ʻaʻohe mea like me Taipu Dishni: e like me ka moʻolelo, ua loaʻa iā lākou heʻehiku mau mauna.

"He ʻokoʻa ka Chechen taip mai ka ʻano mua," i ʻōlelo ai ka mea kākau moʻolelo. “ʻO ka mea mua, ʻaʻohe pili koko i loko ona. ʻO ka lua, ʻaʻohe hana hui. ʻO Taip kahi hui o nā hui kaiaulu pili a pili ʻole i hoʻohui ʻia e nā manaʻo like a me ke kaiāulu teritore.

Wahi a ka mea kākau moʻolelo a me ka ethnographer ʻo Vakha Garsaev, ʻōlelo kekahi poʻe ʻepekema ʻo kēlā me kēia taip i kona mau hōʻailona ponoʻī, ka lole o nā mea kaua a me ka teptar - kahi ʻano moʻolelo o ke kaikunāne me ka wehewehe ʻana i nā hanana nui, nā hana a nā ʻelele koʻikoʻi. Akā ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi hōʻike o kēia ma waena o nā mea kahua.

ʻO ka liʻiliʻi o ka taip, ʻoi aku ka paʻa o lākou i ka exogamy. Manaʻo ʻia ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka mare ʻana i kahi ʻelele o kekahi ʻano ʻē aʻe. Eia kekahi, ʻaʻole ʻae ka poʻe Chechen i ka male ma waena o nā ʻohana i loko o kekahi , ʻoiai ua ʻae ʻo Islam iā ʻoe e mare i kahi hoahānau.

Ua aʻo kekahi i ka pōmaikaʻi mai kēia kumu o ka hui ʻana o Vainakh. Ua hele a puni kekahi kanaka elemakule i na keena o kekahi o na halemai, me ka ike ana aku i kekahi ma'i waiwai nui a emi mai paha, hele aku la ia ia, aloha aku la ia ia, a no ka pihoihoi, hoao aku la lakou e hoohilahila iaia, i mai la lakou, pehea la e ike ole ai keia kanaka i kahi mamao. hoahanau. Ua hoʻomaka ke kamaʻilio hilahila e hana i nā kumu, ʻo ka "ʻanakala" hou i ʻae ʻia i kāna kala ʻana a ʻōlelo ʻo ia e pono ke kōkua. ʻO ka "moʻopuna", ka mea i loaʻa ka manawa e hoʻoponopono ai, ua hoʻokō wikiwiki i ka noi e hōʻaiʻē i kekahi kālā. Ua wehe ʻia ke kanaka me ka nui o ka loaʻa ʻana, e uhaki mau ana i nā pilina ʻohana. Ua hoʻohana ʻia kekahi ʻano hana like e ka wahine ma nā hale kūʻai kelepona. Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo ia i ke kelepona i nā haʻawina (me ka ʻole o nā palapala, ʻoiaʻiʻo:

ʻO Taip no kahi Chechen e like me ka passport no kahi luna dute ma ka mele a Mayakovsky e pili ana i ka "sickle-hammered": "i kekahi - he minoʻaka ma ka waha, i kekahi - he manaʻo ʻino." E kala ʻia ke kanaka no ka nele o ka hana a ʻaʻole hoʻi i ka helehelena maikaʻi loa, ʻo ka mea nui ʻo ia ka maikaʻi o ke kumu. Akā he ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe kēia mekala: ʻo ka hana hewa a kekahi kanaka hiki ke hoʻohina i ka inoa o ka ʻohana holoʻokoʻa. He mea koʻikoʻi kēia i ka hana ʻana i kahi ʻohana: ma mua o ka male ʻana o ka poʻe ʻōpio, loiloi nā ʻohana ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua i nā ʻohana o nā kāne e hiki mai ana.

Ma kahi o kanahā mau ʻano i kapa ʻia ma muli o nā lāhui. Hōʻike kēia i ko lākou kumu ʻaʻole Chechen: no ka laʻana, Gumkiy  - Kumyks, Chergazi  - Circassians, Nogiy  - Nogais. Ua wehewehe ʻo Nataev i kēia ma ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻoiai ka manaʻo kaulana, ʻaʻole i pani ʻia ka hui Vainakh. He hana maʻamau ka poʻe Chechen " stubiyna kāu " - "he kaikunāne nāna i pepehi i ka bipi." He ʻahaʻaina kēia no ka ʻae ʻia ʻana o kekahi ʻelele o kekahi ʻohana a lāhui ʻē aʻe i loko o ka huelo. Mai ia manawa, ua lilo kekahi kanaka i lālā piha o kēia kaikunāne a loaʻa iā ia ka pale. Hiki ke kipaku ia lakou mai ka taip no ka hana hewa, aole o ka mea lawehala wale no, aka, ua hoopaiia a hoahewaia kona ohana.

ʻO ka manaʻo o "lamara" ma Chechnya hou he paʻakikī loa. ʻAʻole kēia he ʻano ʻokoʻa, akā he ʻano holoʻokoʻa o lākou, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā kamaʻāina o nā mauna kiʻekiʻe - Shatoisky a me Itum-Kalinsky. Kapa ʻia lākou ʻo ia, e hōʻike ana ua iho lākou mai nā mauna mai, ʻoiai ma ke ʻano o ka poʻe Chechen a pau i iho mai laila a i ka pāpū, aia kekahi i hana ma mua, ʻo kekahi ma hope.

Inā hānau ʻia kahi kanaka me kahi ʻano paʻakikī i Nowemapa, e wehewehe maʻalahi nā mea a pau ma ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ia he Scorpio. Ma Chechnya,ʻaʻole lākou i manaʻoʻiʻo i nā horoscopes, aia kā lākou wehewehe pono'ī. ʻO ka ʻoluʻolu o ka huhū e pili pinepine ʻia i ke kumu mauna. Ua hōʻeha ʻia ka poʻe Chechen i ka huaʻōlelo " lamaro " (mai ka huaʻōlelo "lam" - mauna), akā inā i kapa ʻia lākou he mau ʻāina kiʻekiʻe, ʻo ia hoʻi, he unuhi maoli ia o kēia huaʻōlelo i ka Lūkini, e manaʻo lākou he mahalo.

ʻO ke kauhale ʻo Benoy, ka moku ʻo Nozhai-Yurt

 

Kiʻi: Elena Afonina / TASS

ʻO ke ala maʻalahi loa e hana ai i nā ʻenemi he nui ma Chechnya, ʻo ia ke kamaʻilio me ka ʻole e pili ana i kēlā me kēia ʻano, no ka mea, ua like ia me ka hōʻino ʻana i kona mau ʻelele. Eia nō naʻe, ma ka moʻolelo moʻolelo, nui nā inoa inoa pāʻani i hāʻawi ʻia i nā taipa holoʻokoʻa. No laila, ua manaʻo ʻia kahi kāne i noho male me ka wahine mai taipa tsontaroy , no ka mea, ua hoʻomanawanui ʻo ia i kona ʻano hiki ʻole ke hoʻomanawanui. Ma mua, ua hoʻomāʻewaʻewa pinepine ʻia nā ʻelele o ka taip bena no ko lākou rusticity, akā i kēia manawa ʻaʻole ʻoe e lohe i kēia - ʻo ia ka taip o Ramzan Kadyrov iā ia iho. Ua manaʻo ʻia nā ʻelele o ka taipa chinkhoy he maalea, ʻōlelo ka poʻe Chechens hiki iā lākou ke hoʻopunipuni i ka shaitan iā ia iho.

Kiʻi: Elena Afonina / TASS

He hāʻawi hiki ʻole iā ʻoe ke hōʻole

I ka makahiki waena, aia ka ʻāina o ka lā. I kēia manawa aia wale nā ​​​​crypts, nā hale kiaʻi a me nā ʻaeto. Hoʻokomo ʻia kēia mea hoihoi i ka papa inoa o nā mea hiki ʻole ke loaʻa ma Rusia. Akā ʻaʻole kēia i hoʻōki i kā mākou mea kākau

Hoʻopili ʻia e kekahi lālā

Pono kēlā me kēia Chechen e ʻike i kona mau kūpuna a hiki i ka hiku o ka hanauna. Ma Chechen, ua like ia me vorhi yes  - ka hiku o ka makua kāne. ʻO ka mea ʻike ʻole i kona ʻohana a hiki i ʻehiku hanauna, ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke hōʻoia i kona pili ʻana i ka poʻe. ʻO kēia kupuna ʻehiku ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu i kekahi . Lawe pinepine ka poʻe Chechen i ka inoa inoa mai iā ia. ʻOiai aia kekahi mau taipas i pili ʻole i kēia lula, a no nā hanauna he nui, ua noho consonant me ko lākou ʻohana: Alleroevs, Biltoevs, etc.

He mau hiʻohiʻona ʻokoʻa ko ka Chechen taip. ʻO kēia ke ʻano o kahi ʻāina kūikawā, kona mauna taip ponoʻī, kahi hale kiaʻi a me kahi ilina ʻohana. Ma ke ala, ua kanu ʻia ka wahine ma ka ilina o ka taipa a kāna kāne. Eia kekahi, ma nā taipas a pau, ʻaʻohe kuleana o nā wahine e koho balota i ka wā e kūkākūkā ai i nā pilikia koʻikoʻi - na nā kāne wale nō nā hoʻoholo a pau. Ua loaʻa i kēlā me kēia ʻano nā lula a me nā kānāwai ponoʻī. Ua kōkua nā kānaka a pau i nā ʻohana a i ʻole nā ​​kānaka i loaʻa i nā pōʻino a me nā pōʻino, a i ka wā i make ai ke kanaka, ua haʻi ʻia ke kanikau e ka ʻohana holoʻokoʻa. Ma Chechen taipas hou, a hiki i ka umi tausani o na kanaka, ua poina mua ia ka nui o keia mau rula.

Aia kekahi mau hihia i ka wā i hōʻole ai ka makua kāne a me ka ʻohana holoʻokoʻa i kahi kaikamahine i mare i kahi ʻelele o kahi taip kū'ē. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ua hoʻomaikaʻi ka pilina ma hope, akā no nā mahina ʻeono mua ke kaikamahine, ma ke ʻano he kānāwai, ʻaʻole i manaʻo i ka hoʻokipa maikaʻi ʻana ma ka home.

Ua lohe ka poʻe a pau e pili ana i nā Chechen teips (ka poʻe Chechens i kapa iā lākou he teips), akā kakaikahi ka poʻe i ʻike he aha ia. He nui ka poʻe e huikau me nā manaʻo e like me ka ʻohana a i ʻole ka ʻohana. I kēia manawa, ʻaʻole pili mau nā ʻelele o ka ʻano like. Noho lākou ma nā wahi like ʻole o ka repubalika a ʻaʻole ʻike kekahi i kekahi. ʻAʻole naʻe he pilina i ʻoi aku ka pono a me ke koi ʻana ma mua o ke kaikunāne taipu. No ka mea, ʻoi aku ka nui o ke ʻano no Chechen ma mua o kahi passport. ʻAʻole koho ʻia ʻo ia, akā pono ʻo ia e haʻaheo. A ma kahi e loaʻa ai kahi puke e hōʻike ana ʻo kou ʻohana ka mea kahiko loa a mahalo ʻia.

I ka wā pagan, hoʻomana nā taipa i ko lākou mau akua ponoʻī, a he ʻoihana ko kēlā me kēia. Aia kahi hui holoʻokoʻa o nā taips, kahi i hoʻokumu ʻia ma mua o Muslim Chechnya he caste o nā kāhuna: terloi , phamta , tsontaroy , ersana . ʻO Tsikaroy  - ʻo ia hoʻi ka inoa o ka Chechen taip - ua unuhi ʻia ʻo "ka poʻe i loaʻa ke ahi."

ʻAʻole lākou hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā taipas

ʻO kekahi o nā nīnau mua i nīnau ʻia e ka poʻe Chechen i ko lākou hui ʻana: “ Ho taipan mila wu ?” ("He aha ke ʻano ʻohana ʻoe?"). Ua nīnau pinepine ʻia kēia ma mua o ka inoa. A inā hiki koke mai ʻoe a me kāu interlocutor i ka ʻohana hoʻokahi, pono ʻoe e mahalo iā ia, e hoʻoholo i kāna pilikia, kōkua - ma ke ʻano nui, e mālama i nā lula āpau o ke ʻano maikaʻi i ʻole ʻo ia e noʻonoʻo iā ʻoe he makaʻu.

He aha ke ʻano?

Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo Taipas i tukhums. ʻEiwa mau tukhums ma Chechnya, ʻo ka nui loa o lākou ʻo Nokhchmakhkoy. Loaʻa iā Benoi, Tsontaroy, Belgatoy, Biltoy, Gendargenoy, Gordaloy, Guna, Zandak, Kurshla, Cherma, Egashbata a me Ersana. ʻO ka hui hoʻomalu kiʻekiʻe loa o ka ʻāina ma waena o nā Chechens, ʻo Mekhkhel - kahi mea hoʻohālikelike o ka pāremata hou - aia nā poʻo o nā tukhums. Ua pau ka hana ʻana i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke kenekulia 20.

ʻO ka cell liʻiliʻi loa o ia ʻano ʻo ka ʻohana - dozal . Hoʻohui ʻia nā ʻohana i " chana tsyna nakh ", ʻo ia hoʻi, "nā kānaka o ka hale hoʻokahi", - he hui kēia o nā pili koko i loko o 3-4 mau hanauna. Ma kona kumu, he ʻohana kēia, e like me nā hale o nā Tyrells a i ʻole Lannisters i ka Game of Thrones. Manaʻo kekahi ma ka hihia o ka pepehi kanaka hala ʻole, ua hōʻike ka taip holoʻokoʻa i ka hakakā koko me ka ʻohana o ka mea lawehala. Akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka hoʻopaʻi ʻana ma ia ʻano nui ke alakaʻi i ke kaua koko. Laha wale ka paio koko ma ka pae o "chana tsyna nah". ʻO kēia,ʻo ia hoʻi, uaʻikeʻia e keʻano maʻamau ma hope koke iho o ka pepehi kanaka, ua haʻalele nāʻohana pili o ka mea hana ma ka laina kāne i ko lākou mau home a peʻe.

ʻO ke kūlanakauhale make o Tsoi-Pede: kahi huakaʻi i kahi wahi pohihihi loa ma Chechnya

ʻAʻole i hiki i nā ʻepekema ke ʻae i ka nui o nā ʻano. I ka wā Soviet, aia kēia papa inoa mai 115 a 135 mau mea. 'Ōleloʻo Saipudi Nataev,ʻo kāna papa inoa, i hōʻuluʻuluʻia ma ke kumu o ka noiʻiʻepekema, nā moʻolelo moʻokūʻauhau a me nā moʻolelo moʻolelo, he 366 mauʻano. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou, e like me ka mea kākau moʻolelo, ua nalowale, e like me, no ka laʻana, tsoi (kahuna), vetankhoy (nā mea kanu flax).

He taipa kekahi o na Ingush, a ua oi aku ka ikaika o ko lakou mau pilina ma mua o ko Chechen.

ʻOi aku ka mea nui ma mua o nā passport

Hiki ke lawe ʻia ka inoa mai ka ʻāina, ka muliwai a i ʻole ke kauhale kahi i noho ai kona mau ʻelele. I ka manawa pinepine ua kapa ʻia ka genus ma hope o ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu - no ka laʻana, hele mai ʻo Engenoi mai ka kūpuna o Engan. Ma nā semantics o kekahi mau ʻano, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i nā inoa o nā ʻoihana. No laila, he poʻe mahiʻai nā ʻelele o ka taipa belgata i ka wā kahiko. Ua loaʻa kēia huaʻōlelo mai ka Chechen "bel" (shovel) a me "gota" (ʻāina mahiʻai). Aia kekahi pūʻali koa ma waena o nā Chechen taips: Khoy  - he mau kiaʻi kēia (aia kekahi kauhale o ka inoa like ma ka moku Vedensky), Chechenkhoy  - nā koa i ʻaʻahu i ka "chachan" - scaly chain mail. Loaʻa ka inoa taipa myalkhii mai ka huaʻōlelo "malkh", ʻo ia hoʻi ka "lā" ma ka unuhi.

Ua maopopo i ka mea kākau moʻolelo he aʻa ka taip i ka hohonu o ka millennia, a pili i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo i loko o nā cuneiforms Urartian o nā kenekulia 9-6 BC. e. he mau inoa inoa kokoke i ka inoa o Chechen taipas. A ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā taipas i ke kenekulia XIV, a no ka hoʻouka ʻana iā Timur.

- Pono nā kānaka o ka pāpū e hele i nā mauna, a i loko o nā kūlana o ka liʻiliʻi o ka ʻāina, ke ʻano mauna koʻikoʻi, pono nā kānaka e hui e pale i ko lākou pono. ʻO ke ʻano maikaʻi o ka hoʻonohonoho ponoʻī ʻana ʻo ia ka hui pili.

Hoʻolālā o Chechen
2. Tsentaroy. Nokhch-Makhkahoy. Pili ia Benoy. Aia ma mua o 50 tausani o lākou. ʻO ke kikowaena ke kauhale o Tsentoroi, ka mokuʻo Nozhai-Yurt. ʻO ka ʻelele kaulana loa o ka teip ka "Marshal of the Forest War" Shoip-mulla Tsentaroevsky, ka naib o Imam Shamil. Noho lākou ma nā pāpū o Chechnya, ma ka hikina.
Eia kekahi laʻana, uaʻike nuiʻiaʻo kaʻohana Kadyrov no ka teip Benoy nui loa, akāʻo Ramzan Kadyrov pono'ī i'ōlelo i loko o ka hālāwai ninaninau me Cheka he lunamaka'āinanaʻo ia no ka Ugro teip. I kēia hihia, ʻo Ugro he gar a neki wale nō, ʻo ia kahi ʻāpana o ka teip, ʻoiai, e like me kekahi mau kumu, he kumu ʻokoʻa kona (Ukrainians, Zaporizhzhya Cossacks). I mea e loaʻa ai ke kūlana o kahi teip, pono e loaʻa i kahi hui e pili ana i kekahi mau ʻano - kahi kikowaena, kahi kauhale, hale kiaʻi, kahi moʻopuna kahi e pono ai ma kahi o 7 mau ʻohana mai ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu i kahi teip a i kēia manawa, etc. Inā ʻaʻole i hoʻokō ka teip i ka hapa nui o kēia mau koi, he lālā ʻo ia no kahi teip ʻē aʻe a i ʻole ma lalo o kāna kākoʻo, ma kekahi hihia me ka ʻole o ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ʻohana kūʻokoʻa.
noho i kēia manawa ma ke kauhale o Makhkety. Ua hoʻokumu mua lākou i ke kauhale o Tsa-Vedeno, a laila ma hope o ka lanakila ʻana iā Ichkeria, hoʻi ka hapa nui o lākou. Ua noho no hoi lakou ma Saroi, kokoke i Himoi, a mahope mai laila aku i Tsa-Vedeno. ʻOkoʻa lākou mai nā teip Chechen ʻē aʻe i ka endogamy - ua hoʻomohala lākou i ka male intra-teip, ʻoiai ma nā ʻano ʻē aʻe ua aneane pāpā ʻia ka male ʻana.
3. ʻO Chinnhoy. 'Ōlelo lākou e pili ana iā lākou, e alakaʻi lākou i ka shaitan pono'ī. Helu - 45 tausani. Noho lākou ma ke komohana - ma Little Chechnya. Waena - Apana Shatoisky. ʻO ka ʻelele o ka teip ʻo Naib Shamil Duba Chinnkhoevsky.
5. Alanui. Nokhch-Makhkahoy. Aia ma mua o 30 tausani o lākou. Noho lākou ma ka hikina o Chechnya. Peresidena mua o ka Lepupalika Chechen Aslan Maskhadov mai Aleroy.
Ma lalo iho e hāʻawi mākou i nā ʻehiku Chechen teips nui loa. E hoʻomaopopo ʻaʻole mālama ʻia nā moʻolelo a i ʻole nā ​​helu helu ʻē aʻe ma kēia ʻano, no laila ua pili kā mākou mau manaʻo.
a me ka mōʻaukala
Eia hou, ke kaʻina hana o ka resettlement o kana poe mamo i Chechnya ma Nashi (Western Chechnya, ma ka palena me Ingushetia. Ka wahi o Lake Galanchozh-Ami ma kahi kiʻekiʻe o 1530 mika ma luna o ke kai kiʻekiʻe). Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo Nashakh ka wahi hānau o nā "maʻemaʻe" Chechen teips. Wahi a ka moʻolelo, ma ka hale kiaʻi ʻo Motsaroy, he ipu keleawe ko nā kūpuna o nā Chechens, kahi i kahakaha ʻia ai nā inoa ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau teips mua (Benoy, Tsentaroy, Kurchala, Nashkhoy, Peshkhoy, Gendargenoy a me nā mea ʻē aʻe). Ua hoʻoheheʻe nā ʻelele o nā teip ʻē aʻe "no ka pōʻino" i kēia ipu hao.
7. GIaz-gIumky (Laks).
9. Giumky (Kumyks).
"Ma Nashkh, ua hoʻokumu ʻia he 13 teips mai lākou. Mai Nashkha mai, ua hoʻomaka ka Nokhchi e noho ma nā ʻaoʻao āpau. ʻO ke kupuna o ka Benoites Bian ma ke kahawai ʻo Argun, kahi i hoʻokumu ʻia ai ka noho ʻana o Orgun me nā hale kiaʻi, hele mai ma o Tevzan a hoʻokumu i ke kauhale ʻo Bena. E haʻi aku wau iā ʻoe i nā inoa o ko mākou mau kūpuna, akā ʻaʻole hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe inā hoʻomanaʻo pololei wau iā lākou a me kaʻu helu ʻana iā lākou a pau. ʻO Tur ka inoa o koʻu makuakāne, ʻo Olqa ka inoa o kona makuakāne, a laila ʻo Mokhmad, Yurtash, Ubaid, Eldar, Zhoba (ʻo Zhoba kēia ke kupuna o kā mākou gar Jobi-nekye), Bakhyanda, Yovta, Khursul (ua huli ʻo ia i Islam), Tur, ʻO Bian (ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu iā Benoy), El, Ul, Uz, Iamirkhan. A laila ʻo Orgun paha, kona makuakāne ʻo Saidkhan a me kona kupuna kāne ʻo Abulkhan - ke keiki a Said-Ali ash-Shami.
Nā hui kaiaulu
"Nashi"
4. Akkhy. ʻOiai ko lākou heterogeneity - aia lākou he 7 teips, ʻike ka hapa nui o Chechens i kēia tukhum ma ke ʻano he teip. Helu - 40 tausani. Ua māhele ʻia lākou i Lam-Akhii (mauna Akkins e noho nui ana ma ke komohana o Chechnya ma ka moku ʻo Achkhoi-Martan) a me Ara-Akhii (nā Akkin āpau e noho ana ma Dagestan a me Chechnya hikina).
23. Idaring (gidatlintsy). Noho lākou i ka hui o Rigakhoy (Rishniyal) Chebarloy tukkhum. I kēia manawa noho lākou ma ka ʻāina ʻo Grozny.
6. ʻO Bilttoy lāua ʻo Belgatoy. ʻO ka teip kahiko o Nokhch-Makhkahoy, i māhele ʻia i mau ʻāpana - teips: bilttoy, belgata a me sesanoy. Pili lākou i nā Botlikhs, ʻoi aku ka Belgat. ʻO Belgatoev ʻo Shamil Basaev. Mai bilttoy - Beybulat Taimiev, ke alakaʻi o ka poʻe Chechen i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke kenekulia 19. Ma kahi o 30 tausani, ʻo Teips, me nā ʻano ʻē aʻe, i ka hapa nui o nā hihia i loaʻa i kahi moʻolelo - teptar. ʻO lākou (kokoke i kākau ʻia i ke kenekulia 19) aia nā moʻolelo kahiko e pili ana i ke kumu o ka teip. He nui nā teptars e ʻōlelo nei no ka ʻāina ʻo Sem a i ʻole Sham (Syria) nā Chechens. Ma lalo iho nei nā ʻāpana mai ka moʻolelo o ka Benoy teip. "'Ōlelo lākouʻo ka kūpuna maʻamau o nā Nokhchi a pau ...ʻo'Ali-Ali ash-Shami mai kaʻohana aliʻi ...".
nā hui
24. TsIadarkhoy (Tsudaharians). ʻO nā kamaʻāina o ke kauhale o Tsudahar, ka mea i neʻe i Ichkeria i ka wā o ke Kaua Caucasian i ke kenekulia 19. B
21. Tarkhoy (Tarkins).
1. Benoy. Mai ka tukhum o Nokhch-Makhkahoy. ʻO ka teip nui loa, ma kahi o 80 tausani kānaka. ʻO ke kikowaena ke kauhale o Benoy, ka mokuʻo Nozhai-Yurt. Noho lākou kokoke ma Chechnya a pau. No kēia teip ka ʻohana Kadyrov.
Teip, kona mau ano
ʻOiai i loko o kahi hui Caucasian i pani ʻia i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe, makemake nui ʻo Chechens ma muli o ka ikaika kūikawā o nā ʻoihana kaiaulu. Inā mākou e hoʻāʻo e wāwahi i ka ʻike pilikino maʻamau o kahi Chechen i mau pae, loaʻa iā mākou ke kiʻi aʻe. Ma ka lalo he kanaka kūʻokoʻa kaʻawale (holo - bridle), kahi ʻāpana o ka ʻohana - dozal. Nui nā ʻohana i nā neki, a ua hui pū ʻia nā neki i nā kāʻei. ʻO ke kula a mākou e aʻo nei, ʻo ia ka teip, ʻo ia ka gars. ʻO ka pae aʻe o ka tukhum he 10-40 teips. ʻO ka poʻe Chechen holoʻokoʻa - qom, he 9 tukhums. No laila, ʻo kēlā me kēia Chechen he 7 pae o ka ʻike ponoʻī. E hoʻohālikelike kākou i ke ʻano o ka hui Chechen me ka poʻe Dagestan kokoke loa iā lākou ma ka palapala honua, ka mōʻaukala a me ka noʻonoʻo - nā Avars. No ka laʻana, ua kapa ʻia ʻo dozal ma waena o nā Avars tsIa (khizan - ʻohana), nekyi - ruk (ʻo ia hoʻi ka hale), gar - gIarkyel (lala), teip - kyibil (aʻa). ʻO ke analogue o nā Chechen tukhums ka Avar bo (ka poʻe - ka pūʻali), a me ka poʻe holoʻokoʻa, i kapa ʻia e ka Chechens kʻom, i waena o nā Avars i kapa ʻia ʻo kʻam (kʻavm, millat). ʻOiai ke ʻano like o nā pae o ka manaʻo ponoʻī o nā lāhui, aia kahi ʻokoʻa nui i ko lākou manaʻo.

Inā no ka Chechen hou, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka makemake o ka teip i kekahi manawa ma mua o ka pono o ka lāhui, a laila no ka Avar kona kauā he koʻikoʻi like. ʻO ia hoʻi: inā ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui Chechen ma nā laina pili, ua māhele ʻia nā Avar i mau hoa. ʻO ke kumu o ka lāhui Chechen he hui pili - ka teip, a me ke kumu o ka Avar - ke kaiāulu kokoke - ke kauhale. Ua wehewehe ʻia kēia mau ʻokoʻa e ka Dagestanis, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā Avars (ka hapa nui o lākou), he ʻike lōʻihi o ka noho ʻana ma kahi mokuʻāina. ʻO ka mea mua, ʻo ia ke aupuni o Sarir, a laila ka Avar nutsalism, a ma ka 19th century, ka Imamat. No laila, ua ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā Avar i nā ʻano o ka mokuʻāina, a ma kahi mokuʻāina ikaika, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka mahele hoʻomalu ma mua o ka ʻohana a me ka ʻohana. No ke kumu hoʻokahi, ʻo ia hoʻi, no ka nele o ka noho aupuni ma waena o nā Chechen i ka wā i hala.
ʻO ka teip kahi ʻano kaiapili kuʻuna e pili ana i ka pili koko a me ka ʻohana, akā pū kekahi pūʻulu o nā kānaka ʻokoʻa. Aia i kēia manawa ma mua o 150 teips ma Chechnya. ʻO kā lākou helu, ka haku mele a me ka hoʻokumu ʻana ke kumu nui o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma waena o nā kamaʻāina a me nā ʻepekema.

He eiwa Gars ko Benoites. ʻO kēia mau kāhiko: Jobi-nekye, Wonzhbi-nekye, Iasti-nekye, Ati-nekye, Chupal-nekye, Ochi-nekye, Dovshi-nekye, a me Edi-nekye a me Gurzh-makhkahoy. ʻO mākou a pau, ka Benoites, he mau kaikunāne a ua like kekahi me kekahi. Kōkua mau mākou kekahi i kekahi a pale kekahi i kekahi. Ke ʻakaʻaka nei nā poʻe mai nā kauhale e pili ana iā mākou, e kapa ana iā mākou he poʻe Benoites wāwae nui, no ka mea he nui ko mākou poʻe nunui. Mahalo ka poʻe iā mākou no ke akamai, pololei, kūpaʻa i ka ʻōlelo a me ka wiwo ʻole. ʻO kā mākou teip ka ikaika a nui loa ma Chechnya. He poʻe Chechen maʻemaʻe mākou. (Tradition of the Benoyites)
Me nā teips o ke kumu Chechen, ua komo pū kēia poʻe Caucasian i nā teips o kahi ʻokoʻa, ʻo ia hoʻi ʻo Dagestan kumu. Aia ma lalo kahi papa inoa mamao loa.
4. Antsadoy (kauhale ʻo Ansalta, ʻāina ʻo Botlikh). Ma waho aʻe o Chechnya, noho lākou ma ke kauhale o Ekazhevo ma Ingushetia.

15. Kubchiy (Kubachins).
]§[

"ʻAʻohe kahua o ka poʻe Chechen e kūkulu ai i kā lākou mau koa, akā ʻaʻohe lua e hoʻolei ai i kā lākou mau kipi," ʻo kēia mau ʻōlelo a Imam Shamil e hōʻike piha loa ana i ke ʻano o ka hui Chechen, kona mau kānāwai a me nā loina.
25. Chungaroy (kauhale o Chankho, moku Botlikh). Noho lākou ma Tsechoi (Chapaevo, Novolaksky district), Urus-Martan a me nā kauhale'ē aʻe.
10. Gunkhoy (kaona Gunkha, ka moku Botlikh). He lālā a ʻo kekahi o nā mea nāna i hoʻokumu i ka teip ʻo Sheikh Kunta-haji Kishiev. Noho lākou ma ke kauhale o Yukerchu-Gonkha.
17. Kiirdi (Karata kauhale, Akhvakh māhele). Noho lākou ma ke kahawai ʻo Argun River ma ka ʻāina ʻo Itumkala.
Pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia, ʻoiai ka mālama ʻana i ka hoʻomau, i ko mākou au, ʻaʻole hoʻokō piha ka teip i kāna mau hana mua. Akā naʻe, pinepine ma ke kumu o ia mahele, lilo mākou i ʻike maka o ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻololi i ka pilina pili me nā ʻohana. Ma keʻano he kūlike i kēia makemake, hiki iā mākou ke haʻi aku i ka mahalo i nā ʻohana o ka makuahine a me ka wahine, ʻo ia hoʻi, no ko lākou mau hoahānau a me nā hoahānau o kā lākou mau keiki. Ma muli o ka komo ʻana o nā Chechens i ka hapa nui o nā male me nā ʻelele o nā teips ʻē aʻe, no laila, ʻaʻohe hoʻokūkū intra-civil inter-teip ma Chechnya e like me ia. ʻO ka mana o nā pilina ʻohana maoli, e kūʻē i ka teip, pinepine nā moʻolelo.
12. Dziloi (Zilo village, Botlikh region).
20. Sulii (Avars). Noho lākou ma Shuan, Psedakh, Tsechoi (Chapaevo, Novolaksky district). ʻO ke kauhale o Betty-Mokhk, ka Apana Nozhai-Yurt, kokoke loa i ka sulii.
7. Gendargenoy. Nokhch-Makhkahoy. Aia ma mua o 25 tausani o lākou. ʻO ka pelekikena mua o ka Repubalika Chechen, ʻo Doku Zavgaev, he ʻelele o kēia teip.
ʻO ka hui hoʻomalu kiʻekiʻe o ka poʻe Chechen Mehk Khel (Country Council) ʻo ia nā poʻo o nā tukhums a me nā teips pākahi (Teip Da). Ua "hui" kēia pāremata medieval ma ka mauna ʻo Khetashon Korta, laʻa no kēlā me kēia Chechen, kokoke i ke kauhale o Tsentoroi i ka ʻāina Vedeno hou. Aia i loko o kona mana ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ke kaua a i ʻole ka maluhia, ka ʻae ʻana i nā hoʻoholo koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā Chechen a pau. Ma kahi haʻahaʻa he mau ʻaha kūkā o nā tukhums, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou he 40 mau lālā. Ua māhele ʻia nā Chechens i 9 tukhums - ʻohana: Akkintsy (Akkhii), Ichkerinians (Nokhch-Makhkakhoy), Shatoevtsy (Shuotoy), Chantiyevtsy (ChIantii), Terloevtsy (TIerloi), Sharoevtsy (Sharoy), Cheberloevtsy (ChIebarloys (Myalkhistiansi) a me Orstkhoy (Orstkhoy). ʻO Orstkhoevtsy, e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻohana ʻokoʻa, e kū ana ma waena o nā Chechens a me Ingush, i lilo i ʻāpana o nā lāhui ʻelua - 3/4 o lākou i kēia manawa he Chechens, a me 25% - Ingush. ʻO ka Chechen tukhum kahi ʻano hui pūʻali koa-ʻoihana o kekahi pūʻulu o nā teips, ʻaʻole pili i ke koko, akā i hui pū ʻia i kahi hui kiʻekiʻe e hoʻoponopono pū i nā pilikia maʻamau: pale mai ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻololi waiwai. Akā aia kekahi mau teips ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻia i nā tukhums: Mayists (MIaystoy), Peshkhoys (Peshkhoy) a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

hai aku i ka paio koko ma ka pepehi kanaka. Eia kekahi, ʻike nui ʻia nā hihia o ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā teips like
ʻole 27. Khyarkaroy (Sildi village, Tsumadinsky district). Noho lākou a noho kokoke i nā Gidatlins.

    • Beshni - tukkhum - mauna, noho ma ka hikina hikina. Aia kona mauna ponoi - B1avloi Lam.
    • ʻO BelgIatoy - tukkhum - he māhele ia o Beltoy.
    • He liʻiliʻi ʻo Hindhoy, noho ma nā mauna ma ka ʻāina ʻo Galanchozh. Aia i loko o ka tukhum Sharoi

Ma ka "Russian" teips

    • ʻO TsIesi - noho i loko o ka Repubalika Chechen, no ka mauna kiʻekiʻe o ka inoa hoʻokahi, ka inoa nui ʻo TsIesi-lam. Hoʻokomo ʻia lākou i loko o ka tukhum Sharoi, ma waena o nā "main" fraternal teips Sharoi, Shikaroi a me TsIesi (3 teips i puka mai ai ke koena o Sharoi)

ʻO ka mea maʻamau, ma waena o nā Chechens, ʻo ka ʻāpana nui loa i manaʻo ʻia ʻo tukkhum - kahi hui o nā ʻohana, nona nā teips. Manaʻo ka poʻe Chechen he "maʻemaʻe" nā teips inā ʻaʻohe Dagestanis a me Ingush i loko o lākou. I kēia lā e haʻi pōkole mākou iā ʻoe e pili ana i ka mea nui loa o lākou.

Aleroy
3. Almakhoy (kauhale Almak, moku Kazbekovsky).
Aia ma lalo kahi papa inoa mamao loa.

    • Keloy - mauna.

23. Idaring (gidatlintsy). Noho i ka hui o Rigahai (Rishnial)

ʻO kaʻoiaʻiʻo o ka teip
, ma keʻano nui, heʻokoʻa iki mai ke koena o nā pilina pili waena o nā lāhui Caucasian. ʻO kēlā me kēia teip
he 16. Kjordoy (Koroda kauhale, Gunib district).

Mālama ʻo CHECHEN TEIP OF DAGESTAN ORIGIN
i kāna mau kuʻuna a me kāna moʻomeheu, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka wā kahiko loa. Aia ma ke poʻo he ʻaha lunakahiko. Ua like ke koena o na lala o ka ahahui. Hāʻawi ʻia ke kōkua i ka mea i hōʻeha ʻia e nā hoa ʻohana āpau. Ma ke ʻano like ka mālama ʻana i ke kanikau - e nā mea a pau i ka manawa hoʻokahi. I ka hihia o ka pepehi kanaka ʻana i kona hoa ʻohana, he teip
he "maʻemaʻe" teip e noho ana ma ka home kupuna kaulana o nā Chechens, Nashkho.

Terloy

    • ʻO Myalkhi kahi teip i kaʻawale iki mai ka poʻe Chechen.

Ma ka huina, aia ma kahi o 130 teips ma waena o Chechens (a e like me kekahi mau kumu - a hiki i 300). Chechens - ma luna o 1 miliona 360 tausani kanaka.

14. Ishinchaloy ( kauhale Ichichali, ka moku Gumbetovsky).

    • ʻO Chermoy - tukkhum - noho nui ma ke kauhale o Mehkety. Aia kekahi mauna kupuna Chermoy-lam.

). Ua puka mai ʻo Tukkhum a me teip mai ke kauhale hale kiaʻi mauna ( ChIantii-Mokhk
15. Kubchiy (Kubachins).
17. Kiirdi (Karata village, Akhvakh region) Noho ma ka muliwai Argun ma
25. Chungaroy (Chankho village, Botlikh region) Noho ma Tsechoy (Chapaevo,
Novolaksky district), Urus-Martan a me nā kauhale'ē aʻe.
). Aia kekahi mauna kupuna ʻo Chiantii-Borz-Lam a me ka pass Chiantiy-Barz a me ka muliwai ʻo Chiantii-Org.

Nā pilina ma waena o nā "Russians" a me nā teips ʻē aʻe
o Arsala
2. Akhshoy (Akushinians). Na mamo a ka Muhajir o ka wa o Shamil.

Aia ma lalo ka papa inoa me ka inoa nona ka teip, kahi wehewehe pōkole. Aleroy - tukkhum - kahi mea liʻiliʻi mai Chechnya hikina, ke kauhale o Aleroy, ka moku ʻo Kurchaloevsky.

 

  • Pkh1amtoy / Hoʻomanaʻo - ke kuahiwi mauna mua o ka poʻe Chechen

 

ʻOkoʻa kēia mau ʻano ʻohana mai nā mea ʻē aʻe e nā kānāwai intra-tribal palupalu. I loko o nā mea he nui, hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā koena o ka moʻomeheu kahiko o nā wahine a me ka Orthodoxy, ka mea, ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, ʻaʻole i hoʻopilikia i ke kūlana mana ʻole o nā wahine, akā ua hoʻopakele iā lākou mai nā mea koʻikoʻi e like me ke ʻoki poepoe wahine. ʻO ka teip
e pili ana i nā Ossetians a me nā mamo o nā male male.
5. ArgIana (kauhale o Argvani, ka apana Gumbetovsky) ua manaoia no hoi ma Rusia . He hapa nui lākou o ke kauhale o Znamenskoye (Mundar-Yurt). Noho lākou ma nā kauhale o Gekhi, Alkhan-kala a me Psedy. Ma Ichkeria noho lākou ma Dargo. (Ua neʻe lākou i ka wā lōʻihi aku nei, e like me nā bloodlines. I kēia manawa, hana lākou i kahi kāʻei holoʻokoʻa ma Dargo.)
- kahi teip o nā mea mālama maluhia a me nā mea uʻi, ʻaʻole i komo nā ʻelele i nā kaua. Ua manaʻo ʻia he teip kēia no ka Iudaio kumu.

ʻO Elistanzhi
(Chech.-taip) he pūʻulu o ka hui ʻohana o ka poʻe Vainakh, nona nā kaiāulu ʻohana (union o nā kaiāulu) a me ka ʻike ʻana iā ia iho e kahi kumu maʻamau mai kahi kanaka kikoʻī (ʻano), ʻoihana (no ka laʻana, BIovly (Chech. hale kiaʻi

 

  • Turko - noho ma Urus-Martan, Shali, Goyty, Roshni-chu, Khambi-Irzi, Shaami-Yurt, Gekakh, Elistanzhi, ma kekahi mau wahi noho o Chechnya, a me ka moku Khasav-Yurtovsky o Dagestan. ʻO Khunkarkhoy kahi teip pili. ʻO ka toponym kaulana loa ma Czech Republic e pili ana me Turko ʻo Turka keshnash ma Urus-Martan.

 

- teip o Sheikh Mansur. Ua neʻe nā ʻelele o kēia teip mai ke kauhale o Khattuni ma ka moku Vedensky a hiki i Aldy kokoke i Grozny hou.

Engenoy
26. Sholardoy.

 

  • Kinahoy
  • ʻO Zurzakhoy - ua manaʻo ʻia kekahi o ka primordial.
  • He teip Chechen kaulana ʻo Yevloy no Ingush kumu.

 

- teip Ruslan Khasbulatov, mālama mau i nā pilina ikaika me Rusia.

Tsontoroi
, Khazar ma ke kumu. Aia kekahi mana'o'o Arsaloy
kahi kuahiwi mauna, nona nā 'elele i kū'ē ikaika loa i ke aupuni Soviet a ua'oi aku ka pilikia ma mua o nā mea'ē a'e.

Guna

 

  • ( ChIantii
  • Tumso - [Native to the Shatoi region of Chechnya] - Ma keʻano laulā, Tumso - Zumso - Chanti - ua manaʻo ʻia he teips pili. Noho nā ʻelele i koho ʻia ma ke kikowaena apana o Achkhoy-Martan. Noho nā mamo a Teti ma ʻaneʻi (no laila ka inoa ʻo Teti Nek)
  • - "maʻemaʻe" teip, nona ʻo Aslan Maskhadov. Noho ʻo Aleroi ma ka ʻaoʻao hikina o Chechnya a noho i kahi ʻāpana o Dagestan. Ma hope o ka ʻae ʻia ʻana e hoʻi i ko lākou ʻāina hānau i ka makahiki 1957, ua hiki i nā Aleroyans me ka pilikia nui ke hoʻopiha hou i ko lākou ʻāina ma Dagestan.

    Beltoy
    1. Andiy (nā kama'āina o Andi kauhale, Botlikh region). Noho lākou ma nā kauhale o Stary Yurt, Ken-Yurt, Shuan a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

  • He liʻiliʻi ʻo Mulkoy, noho ma nā mauna (Shatoevsky district).
  • Ua hoʻohuli ʻia ʻo ia i Islam ma hope o nā mea ʻē aʻe, ma mua o ka Orthodox.

    ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo Rūsia, ʻaʻole ia he manaʻo ʻo ia wale nō nā kamaʻāina Lūkini ma ka lāhui. Penei i ka
    teip teip - sheikh Kunta-haji Kishiev. Noho lākou ma ke kauhale o Yukerchu-Gonkha.
    10. Gunkhoy (kaona Gunkha, ka moku Botlikh). ʻO kahi lālā a me kekahi o nā mea hoʻokumu
    he "maʻemaʻe" mauna teip, nona nā ʻelele i kūʻē i ka hoʻokomo ʻana iā Islam no ka manawa lōʻihi. Ua ʻokoʻa kēia teip i kona ʻano kuʻuna, ua mālama ʻia nā loina pegana kahiko i loko.

    Gendargenoy
    13. ZhIai (Khunzakh poʻe).

  • Biltoy - tukkhum - mai ka mokuʻo Nozhayyurt.
  • Chartoy - tukkhum - nā mea mālama maluhia a me nā mea uwao ma nā hihia He nui nā ʻano o ke kumu o ka inoa a me ke kumu o kēia teip. I ka manawa i noho ai ka Chechens ma ka ʻāina ʻākau o Georgia, noho ʻo Chartoy ma ka pāpū, ma ke ala i hoʻokumu ai lākou i ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Gudermes a lilo i kona heluna nui, hiki ke loaʻa iā lākou ma Shali, Mesker-yurt, Argun, Avtury a me nā kauhale. o ka apana o Nadterechny, a me na kauhale nui a pau o Nokhchi-cho vilayat.
  • Apana Gunoy
    Itumkalinsky.

  • Gunoy - tukkhum - noho ma ka ʻākau hikina;
  • Ekazhevo kauhale ma Ingushetia.
    - teip, noho ma ka piko o ka Argun. Wahi a ka moʻolelo, i ka wā kahiko, he teip kahuna ka Terlois.

    ʻO Kharachoy
    kahi "mauna maʻemaʻe" teip, nona nā ʻelele e noho ana ma ka hikina hema o Chechnya a me Ingushetia. Manaʻo ʻia ʻo Type Deshni he aristocratic.

    ʻO Zumsoy
    kahi "maʻemaʻe" pālahalaha, ʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻelele ʻo Doku Zavgaev. Ua manaʻo ʻia i ka wā kahiko ua noho ʻo Gendargenoi i ke kikowaena mōʻaukala o Nokhchiimokhk i loko o nā kīʻaha o nā kahawai ʻo Aksai a me Michiga a ma nā ʻāina ma ka Terek, a laila noho ma Chechnya. Aia ma Nokhchiymokhka kahi kikowaena hoʻomana pre-Islamic o nā Chechens Nashkh, kahi i mālama ʻia ai nā ʻaha kūkā o ka hui teip.

    Deshni
    19. SogIattoy (kauhale o Sogratl, wahi o Gunib).
    - ka lua o ka nui a me ka mana nui ma hope o ka bena. Noho ka Tsontoroi ma ka hikina o Chechnya.

    Chartoy

  • Kharachoy - tukkhum - ua paʻi mua i nā ʻaoʻao o nā palapala Lūkini i kākau ʻia.
  • H1charoy
  • ua hoʻokumu ʻia me ke komo pū ʻana o nā koa Lūkini holo. Na Lunamakaainana o ka teip nui loa

  • ʻO Varandoy - tukkhum - kekahi o nā teips mauna kaulana loa, "hoʻokumu malihini" (e like me ka moʻolelo - Russian).
  • ma ke ʻano he hoa makaʻāinana, e kōkua ana i ka hoʻokumu wikiwiki ʻana o ka pilina a me ka puka ʻana o ka hilinaʻi ma waena o nā kānaka.

  • Giordaloy - tukkhum
  • Satta - tukkhum - teip
  • Zandkhoy tukkhum - Ka hapa nui o ke kauhale Zandak. Aia kekahi poʻe Zandkha i haʻalele iā Zandak i kahi manawa lōʻihi.
  • ʻO Teip
    lāua ʻo Orsi

  • Kurchaloy - tukkhum
  • 9. Giumky (Kumyks).
    - teip, kahi i hele mai ai nā sheikhs Chechen. Noho ʻo Engenoi ma Chechnya.

    Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo Ersen
    he mamo na Terek Cossacks.

    uuku loa. Ma Arsaloy
    12. Dziloi (Zilo village, Botlikh region).
    - he teip "maʻemaʻe" nui e noho ana ma ka Hikina o Chechnya ma ka mokuʻo Nozhayyurt. ʻO Benoy kekahi o nā teips "maʻemaʻe" nui loa ma Chechnya, nona ʻo Kadyrov. Aia ma kahi o 1/3 o nā lāhui Chechen a pau. Noho ʻia ma ka repubalika a ua māhele ʻia i 9 mau ʻohana nui: Jobi-nekye, Wanzhbi-nekye, Asti-nekye, Ati-nekye, Chupal-nekye, Ochi-nekye, Devshi-nekye, Edi-nekye a me Gurzh-makhkahoy. Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka Benoyites ka mea i kipaku aku i nā aliʻi Kabardian a me Dagestan, a ma hope o lākou i hoʻokumu ai i ke kumu o ka democracy mauna o nā Chechens.

    ʻO Varanda
    4. Antsada (kauhale ʻo Ansalta, ka ʻāina ʻo Botlikh). Ma waho aʻe o Chechnya, ola a mālama ʻia
    nā kānāwai Chechen ʻē aʻe i hāpai ʻia ma kēia mau kaiāulu ʻohana. I ka manawa like, i nā makahiki i hala iho nei, ua luku nui ʻia ka teip ponoʻī

  • ʻO Nashkhoy ke kikowaena ethnogenetic o nā Nokhchimatiens medieval.
  • Chinhoi - tukkhum

 

  • ʻO Tsiontaroy - tukkhum - kekahi o nā teips Chechen primordial, a me kekahi o nā mea he nui loa, noho nui ma ka hikina.
  • Gendargenoy - tukkhum - mai ke kikowaena mōʻaukala o Chechnya Nokhchiymokhka.

- Mauna Chechen Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, nona nā pilina ʻohana me nā Ingush a me Ossetian.

Nashkhoy
22. KhIakaroy (Kalana Gakvari, ka moku Tsumadinsky). Noho lākou ma nā kauhale o Khimoy ma ka palena me Tsumada a ma ka moku Achkhoy-Martan.

  • Rigakhoy - tukkhum,

11. Danukhoy (Danukh village, Gumbetovsky district).
hale, i wehewehe ʻia e ka mana ikaika mai waho mai: nā pilina pili honua me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe, ka hoʻonaʻauao ʻana i nā lālā waiwai o ka teip ma
Russia a me ʻEulopa, etc.
ʻO nā kamaʻāina o ke kauhale o Tsudahar, ka mea i neʻe i Ichkeria i ka wā o ke Kaua Caucasian i ke kenekulia 19. I kēia manawa, noho pū lākou ma ke kauhale o Makhkety. Ua hoʻokumu mua lākou i ke kauhale o Tsa-Vedeno, a laila ma hope o ka lanakila ʻana iā Ichkeria, hoʻi ka hapa nui o lākou. Ua noho no hoi lakou ma Saroi, kokoke i Himoi, a mahope mai laila aku i Tsa-Vedeno. ʻOkoʻa lākou mai nā teip Chechen ʻē aʻe i ka endogamy - ua hoʻomohala lākou i ka male intra-teip, ʻoiai ma nā ʻano ʻē aʻe ua aneane pāpā ʻia ka male ʻana.
)) a i ʻole kumu.

20. Sulii (Avars). Noho lākou ma Shuan, Psedakh, Tsechoi (Chapaevo, Novolaksky district). ʻO ke kauhale o Betty-Mokhk, ka Apana Nozhai-Yurt, kokoke loa i ka sulii.
- teip o Dzhokhar Dudayev, ua manaʻo ʻia e pili ana i ka Ingush, ʻo ia hoʻi, teip Aushev. Aia kēia teip i ka hui sub-ethnic territorial o Myalkhists, ka mea ma hope o 1991 i noho i nā kūlana koʻikoʻi ma Ichkeria. Noho kiʻekiʻe ma nā mauna ma ka ʻāina ʻo Myalkhiste ma waena o ke kiʻekiʻe o ka Argun a me Meshekhi.

7. GIaz-gIumky (Laks).

  • ʻO Kei - mauna, aia kona mauna ʻo Kei-lam, aia ma ka ʻāina o Ingushetia hou. Noho ka hapa nui o lākou ma ke kauhale ʻo Ken-yurt (kei-yurt ma mua) a me Tolstoy-yurt.

- he papa pālahalaha i pili ʻohana me nā Terek Cossacks. ʻO ka Hunois ka hope o nā teips i huli i Islam a mālama mau i ka pilina maikaʻi me nā Lūkini.

Kalkhoy
18. Melardoy (Gumbetovtsy). Noho lākou ma Gekhi, Urus-Martan a me nā kauhale ʻē aʻe.

  • Peshkhoy

Pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia, ʻoiai ka mālama ʻana i ka hoʻomau, i ko mākou au, ʻaʻole hoʻokō piha ka teip i kāna mau hana mua. Akā naʻe, pinepine ma ke kumu o ia mahele, lilo mākou i ʻike maka o ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻololi i ka pilina pili me nā ʻohana. Ma keʻano he kūlike i kēia makemake, hiki iā mākou ke haʻi aku i ka mahalo i nā ʻohana o ka makuahine a me ka wahine, ʻo ia hoʻi, no ko lākou mau hoahānau a me nā hoahānau o kā lākou mau keiki. Ma muli o ka komo ʻana o nā Chechens i ka hapa nui o nā male me nā ʻelele o nā teips ʻē aʻe, no laila, ʻaʻohe hoʻokūkū intra-civil inter-teip ma Chechnya e like me ia. Hoʻopili ia i ka mana o nā pilina ʻohana maoli e kūʻē i ka teip, pinepine ka moʻolelo

21. Tarkhoy (Tarkins).
6. Akhtoy. (Akhtyns). Ua neʻe lākou i ka wā o Samila mai ka pā kaua ʻo Irib, kahi i loaʻa ai ko lākou kauhale ponoʻī.
ʻO Chebarloy tukhum. I kēia manawa noho lākou ma ka ʻāina ʻo Grozny.
8. GialgIatloi (Kalana ʻo Gagatli, ʻāina ʻo Botlikh).
- he ʻāina haʻahaʻa hanohano e noho ana ma nā ʻāina ʻo Shali a me Gudermes.

ʻO Yalhoroi

  • Ilamuku
  • Zumsoy - mauna.
  • ʻO Benoy - tukkhum - ʻo ia paha ka nui o nā teips.

ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻokumu hou i ka manawa i hoʻomaka ai ka ʻōnaehana teip i loko o ka hui Chechen i kēia lā, akā ua ʻike ʻia ma ka waena o ke kenekulia 18, ʻo nā Chechens (Nokhchi), me ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka Ingush iā lākou. ua ulu ma ke ʻano he lāhui. A hiki i kēlā manawa, ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi ʻano kūikawā o nā hui pūʻali koa-ʻoihana ʻohana, teips. [С-BLOCK]

Chechen teips: ehia o lākou i manaʻo ʻia he "maʻemaʻe"

E like me ka ʻōlelo a ka moʻolelo, ua loaʻa i nā kūpuna o nā Chechens kahi ipu keleawe kahi i kahakaha ʻia ai nā inoa o nā 20 teips mua (Benoi, Sesankhoi Ilyesi-nekye, Yubak-Nekye, Mlli-nekye, Tsentoroy a me nā mea ʻē aʻe), ʻaʻole lākou. komo iloko o keia mau teip, hehee keia ipuhao.

ʻAneʻane hoʻohui ʻia nā ʻāpana Chechen a pau i nā ʻano nui - tukhums. Ma ka waena o ke kenekulia 19, ua hui mua ʻia he 135 Chechen teips i ʻeiwa tukhums. I kēia mau lā, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā teip, ua māhele ʻia i mauna (ma kahi o 100) a me nā ʻāina haʻahaʻa (ma kahi o 70). I loko o lākou iho, ua māhele ʻia nā teips i "gars" (nā lālā) a me "nekyi" - nā inoa inoa.

Ma ke poʻo o kēlā me kēia teip he ʻaha kūkā o nā lunakahiko, i hoʻokumu ʻia mai nā ʻelele Chechen kaulana loa a ʻike ʻia o ka teip. Eia kekahi, aia i kēlā me kēia teip kona luna ponoʻī, i kapa ʻia ʻo byachcha.

Hiki ke hoʻokumu ʻia nā inoa o nā Chechen teips mai ka wahi i noho ai ka ʻohana, a mai nā mea i hana nui ai lākou. ʻO nā laʻana o ka huaʻōlelo mua i loaʻa nā inoa o teips Kharachoy (“cave”), a i ʻole Shara (“glacier”). ʻO ka lua o ke ʻano o ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā huaʻōlelo, no ka laʻana, teip Peshkhoy ("nā mea hana umu"), Khoy ("nā kiaʻi") a i ʻole Deshni ("nā mea hana gula").

Aia kekahi mahele kūlana o nā teips i "maʻemaʻe" a me "mixed". Ua kapa ʻia ʻo "Pure" Chechen teips "nokhchmakhy", ua hoʻokumu ʻia lākou mai kekahi mau Chechens. ʻO nā teips hui ʻia, hiki ke hoʻomaopopo ʻia e ka inoa, ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻaʻole mai nā Chechens wale nō, aia kekahi koko ʻē aʻe. ʻO Teip Gunoy, no ka laʻana, pili i ka Terek Cossacks, teip Kharacha - i ka Circassians, teip Dzumsoy - i nā Georgians, teip Arsaloy - i nā Lūkini.

He hui ʻohana ʻo Teip, a ma ʻaneʻi e hoʻokumu ʻia ai ke ʻano pilikino. Ua kapa ʻia nā postulates pono o nā teips he hoʻomaka. He 23 ka nui. E inoa wale mākou i ka 10 mua.

ʻO ke kumu mua, ʻo ia ka lokahi a me ka hiki ʻole o nā loina teip no kēlā me kēia lālā o ka teip, a me kona ʻohana.

'O ka mana'o 'elua, 'o ia ke kuleana o ka noho 'ana o ka 'āina.

ʻO ke kolu o ka hoʻomaka ʻana he hakakā koko no ka pepehi ʻana i kahi lunamakaʻāinana o kāna teip.

ʻO ke kumu ʻehā ka pāpā ʻana i ka male ʻana ma waena o nā lālā o ka teip hoʻokahi.

ʻO ka lima o ka hoʻomaka ʻana he kōkua i ka lunamakaʻāinana o kāna teip, inā pono.

ʻO ke ono o ka hoʻomaka: inā make kekahi o nā lālā o ka teip, haʻi ʻia ke kanikau, pāpā ʻia ke komo ʻana i nā hoʻomaha a me nā hanana leʻaleʻa no kekahi manawa.

ʻO ka hiku o ka hoʻomaka: he kuleana koʻikoʻi ka ʻaha kūkā o nā lunakahiko i ka mālama ʻana i ka teip. ʻO ka hoʻomaka ʻewalu: ʻo ke koho ʻana o ke poʻo o ka teip, a i ʻole ka luna ʻaʻole i hana ʻia ma ke kumu hoʻoilina.

ʻO ke kānāwai ʻeiwa: ʻo ka ʻaha lunamakaʻāinana o ka leip ka ʻaha lunakahiko (teipanan khel).

ʻO ka loina ʻumi e hōʻike ana ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻaha lunakahiko mai ka poʻe akamai a mahalo nui ʻia o ka poʻe ʻelemakule me ka ʻole o ka palena makahiki. ʻO ke kūlana o ka ʻaha kūkā o nā lunakahiko no ke ola ma mua, he mau hihia hoʻi no ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o kekahi lunamakaʻāinana mai kona kūlana.

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, ʻo ke kolu o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka ʻōnaehana teip ma Chechnya he hakakā koko (ma Chechen "chir") no kēlā me kēia ʻelele o kahi ʻano. He aʻa hohonu kēia maʻamau i loko o ka hui Vainakh. Ua kākau ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo U. Laudaev: “Inā he pepehi kanaka, holo ka ʻohana a pau a teip paha i kahi e noho ai. Ua hala ke koko (qi) mai kēia hanauna ai kekahi hanauna. I ka hoʻomaka ʻana, piʻi ke koko i ka inoa ʻohana holoʻokoʻa; me ka hoʻonuiʻana o nā lālā o kaʻohana, ua hele ke koko i ka "gar", a ma hope aku - i hoʻokahiʻohana.

Ma hope o ka pepehi ʻia ʻana o kekahi lunamakaʻāinana teip, ua hui ka ʻaha lunakahiko. Ua hoʻoholo e hoʻopaʻi. Ua hui pu ka teip o ka pepehi kanaka i kona ahaolelo ponoi, e imi ana i na ala e launa pu ai me ka teip o ka mea i make. Inā ʻaʻole i hiki i nā teips i kahi ʻōlelo i ʻae ʻia no ka hihia, a laila ua ʻākoakoa ka ʻaha kūkā o nā ʻelele o nā teips kūʻokoʻa, kahi i hoʻoholo ʻia ai nā kūlana no ke kuʻikahi. Inā hōʻole ka ʻaoʻao i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ke kuikahi, a laila ma kāna ʻōlelo aʻo ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻo wai ka mea e hoʻonui ʻia ai ka hakakā koko.

ʻO ka pepehi kanaka ʻana i ka mea aloha koko, pono e hana ʻia me kahi mea kaua anu a i ʻole nā ​​pū, ʻoiai ua pāpā loa ʻia ke hana ʻana mai ke kua, me ka ʻōlelo ʻole. Ua pāpā ʻia hoʻi ka pepehi ʻana i kahi pili koko i ka mahina ʻo Ramadan a me nā lā hoʻomaha, ma kahi ākea a ma ka hale o kekahi.


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Ich entschuldige mich, aber meiner Meinung nach sind Sie nicht recht. Ich kann die Position verteidigen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM.

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