Hanai bipi. ai o na bipi keiki i na malama mua

I mea e ulu koke ai nā bipi ʻōpiopio (pipi) i ke olakino a hiki ke hoʻohua, pono e hoʻolako ʻia nā bipi me ka mālama pono a me ka meaʻai maikaʻi. ʻOkoʻa ka mea hope i ka meaʻai maʻamau o nā pākeke a loaʻa iā ia nā ʻano ponoʻī, e kūkākūkā ʻia ma kēia ʻatikala. 

Hāʻawi ʻia ke keiki bipi i ka colostrum i loko o 30-60 mau minuke ma hope o ka hānau ʻana. Inā ʻaʻole e hana ʻia kēia, e hoʻomaka ke keiki hānau hou e omo i nā mea a puni iā ​​​​ia, a ma muli o ka hopena, hiki ke loaʻa i kahi maʻi weliweli. Pono ka mahana o ka colostrum ma kahi o 37°C, no ka mea, ʻo ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea inu anuanu ke kumu e huhū ai ka ʻōpū i loko o ke kino palupalu. I nā lā 4 mua, ʻo ka pinepine o ka hānai ʻana he 4 mau manawa i ka lā, a e hoʻomaka ana mai ka lā 10th, e hoʻoneʻe ʻia ka bipi bipi i kahi ʻai 3-manawa. I nā manawa a pau o ka hānaiʻana me ka colostrum, mālamaʻia ke keiki bipi i loko o kahi hale maloʻo maloʻo i loko o kahi lumi mahana a me ka makani me kaʻole o nā kiko'ī.

Inā ʻaʻole lawa ka colostrum makuahine, pono ʻoe e hoʻoponopono i ka hemahema me ka huahana like mai kahi bipi ʻē aʻe a i ʻole e hana ʻoe i nā meaʻai hoʻohui. No ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka colostrum, hoʻohui i 1 lita o ka waiū hou mai kahi bipi keiki, 15 ml o ka aila iʻa, 3 hua a me 5 g paʻakai. Hāʻawi ʻia kahi bipi keiki hou i ka 1 lita o kahi hui homogeneous i loko o ke ʻano undiluted, a no ka hānai ʻana ma hope e hoʻoheheʻe ʻia me ka wai i hoʻolapalapa ʻia i ka ratio o 1:1.      


ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ke ala ʻelua, no ka mea ma kēia hihia ʻaʻole i hoʻopilikia ʻia ke keiki bipi e ka omo ʻana i nā mea a puni. Me ka ulu ʻana o nā keiki bipi, hoʻonui ʻia ka hapa o ka mauʻu - a hiki i 1.5 kg a hiki i 3 mau mahina. He mea pono e hoʻomaopopo i ka hoʻololiʻana i kekahiʻano meaʻai'ē aʻe e maʻalahi, no ka mea. ʻo ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka meaʻai ke kumu o ka maʻi ʻōpū o ka holoholona.

He nawaliwali ko na keiki bipi hou. No laila, i loko o nā lā he 10 mua o ke ola, ʻo ke kumu o ka ʻai ʻana o ke keiki bipi e hoʻomaʻamaʻa hou ʻia i ka colostrum - kahi kumu maoli o nā mea ʻala a me nā huaora e hoʻāla ai i ka ʻōnaehana pale. ʻO Colostrum ka waiū mua a ka bipi e hana koke ai ma hope o ka hānau ʻana. Ma muli o ke kaumaha o ke pēpē, ʻo ka maʻamau o ka colostrum he 1.5-2.5 lita i kēlā me kēia lā. 

A hiki i ka 3 pule o ka makahiki, makemake ia e hānai i nā bipi mai nā mea inu wai. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻia ke ʻano o ka suction (e mau ana a hiki i 5 mau lā), he nui nā pono:

ʻAi waiū o nā bipi mahina

KK 62-1.  Hoʻomaka no nā keiki bipi, 3-6 mahina

KK 64-1. Ka momona 2 no ka pipi, 13-18 mahina

I ka mahina mua o ke ola, hoʻomaka nā keiki bipi e hāʻawi i nā hānai hui. ʻO ka koho maikaʻi loa ʻo ia ka hānai hoʻomaka, aia nā huaora a pau, nā minela a me nā mea pono ʻē aʻe e pono ai no ka ulu ʻana o nā pipi. Hiki ke hoʻomākaukau ʻia ka hui ʻana me ka lima ma ke kumu o ka oats, ka palaoa, ka palaoa, ka bale me ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka iʻa a me ka ʻai mauʻu, ka ʻai sunflower, ka mea hū meaʻai, ka paʻakai, ka paʻakai, nā huaora a me nā phosphates.

KK 62-1. Hoʻomaka no nā keiki bipi, 3-6 mahina

Ma hope o 2 pule o ka hānai ʻana me ka colostrum a me ka waiū makuahine, hoʻoneʻe ʻia ke keiki bipi i ka waiū i hui pū ʻia a me nā pani waiu piha (WMS) me ka ʻole o nā protein meaʻai. I kekahi manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke hāʻawi i kāu pēpē obrat (waiu waiu) a hānai iā ia me ka yogurt i hoʻomākaukau ʻia ma ke kumu (no ka 1 lita o ka sourdough e pono ai ʻoe i 38-40 lita o ka waiū skimmed). Aʻo ʻia kēia ʻano meaʻai e mālama a hiki i ka 1 mahina.

ʻO ka hānai ʻana i nā bipi mahina

ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka assimilation o ka meaʻai, kahi maʻemaʻe a mehana mau;

KK 60-1. ʻO ka meaʻai hoʻohuihui no nā bipi waiu

hoʻonui i ke kaumaha ma 30%;

hoʻonui i ke kiʻekiʻe o ka immunoglobulins me ka wikiwiki;


He mea pono e hānai i nā keiki bipi ʻekolu pule me ka ʻai piha o ka oats a i ʻole ka bale - kōkua kēia i ka hoʻomohala wikiwiki ʻana o ka ʻōpū a me ka ʻai ʻana i nā ʻiʻo. Ma kahi kokoke i ka pule 4 o ke ola, hiki ke hoʻohui ʻia nā ʻuala wai (oatmeal, semolina) i ka ʻai o ka bipi. Ma keʻano laulā, hiki ke hoʻomaka i nā meaʻai mea kanu maʻalahi no nā pēpē i ka manawa like me ka hoʻokomo ʻana i ka waiū skim i loko o ka meaʻai. 

e hoemi ana i ka ma'i.

KK 60-1.  ʻO ka meaʻai hoʻohuihui no nā bipi waiu

KK 61-1. Hoʻomaka mua no nā keiki bipi, 0.5-2 mau mahina

KK 63-1. Ka momona no nā bipi ʻōpiopio, 7-12 mahina

KK 63-1.  Ka momona no nā bipi ʻōpiopio, 7-12 mahina

E hoʻomaka ana mai ka lā 3 o ke ola, he mea nui i ke keiki bipi ke komo manuahi i ka wai. I nā pule 2 mua o ke ola, pono e hoʻopiha ʻia ka mea inu holoholona me ka wai i hoʻolapalapa ʻia me ka mahana o +35 ° C a 37 ° C, hiki ke hāʻawi ʻia i nā pēpē ʻoi aku ka wai maʻemaʻe me ka mahana o +20 ° C a +25 °. C.  

KK 61-1.  Hoʻomaka mua no nā keiki bipi, 0.5-2 mau mahina


KK 64-1.  Ka momona 2 no ka pipi, 13-18 mahina

ka ʻai ʻana i ka waiū ma nā ʻāpana liʻiliʻi, he mea nui ia no ka ʻōpū o ka bipi pipi;
He mea maikaʻi nō hoʻi e hānai i nā keiki bipi i ka makahiki 1 mahina me kahi liʻiliʻi o ka mauʻu me nā lau legume (ʻo ka haʻawina i kēlā me kēia lā he 1 kg). Hiki ke hāʻawi ʻia ka mauʻu maloʻo maʻemaʻe i ka bipi i nā ʻano like ʻole. ʻO ka mua, e hoʻomaʻemaʻe me ka brine a ma kēia ʻano, hoʻokomo i ka mea hānai. Hoʻohana ʻia ka paʻakai e pale i ke ʻano o nā parasites i loko o ka ʻōpū o nā holoholona ʻōpio. ʻO ka lua, hiki ke kau ʻia ka mauʻu i loko o ka hale paʻa ma kahi o 10 knm ma luna o ke kua o ke keiki bipi. 

Akā,ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi a me ka uku kūpono no ka hoʻohanaʻana i nā meaʻai i hanaʻia no nā pipi mai ka Ukrainian manufacturing mea kanu Feedlife. Aia ka laina o nā huahana kūikawā i kahi prerestart no nā keiki bipi makahiki 0.5-2 mahina ТМ Feed&Life. Hoʻolālā ʻia ka concentrate meaʻai i hui pū ʻia me ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā mea āpau o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana o nā holoholona i ka wā mua o ke ola a hoʻokō piha i nā pono o nā keiki bipi i nā meaʻai e pono ai no ka ulu a me ka ulu ʻana.  

Pono ka mahana o ka colostrum ma kahi o +37°C. ʻO ka waiu anu ka mea e ʻeha ai ka ʻōpū.

Pono ka meaʻai no nā keiki bipi hou i ka waiwai ikehu kiʻekiʻe a maʻalahi ke digestible.

Ka hānai ʻana i ka bipi keiki mai ka ʻōmoleHiki nō hoʻi iā ʻoe ke inu me ka ʻūhā. Loaʻa iā ia nā pono penei:

A hiki i ʻekolu pule o ka makahiki, ʻōlelo ʻia nā keiki bipi e hānai ʻia mai ka poʻe inu wai.

Hāʻawi ʻia ka paʻakai a me ka paʻakai i nā keiki bipi i piha i ʻekolu pule. I ka mahina mua o ke ola, hiki iā ʻoe ke hānai i nā kīʻaha piha o ka oats a i ʻole ka bale. Ma muli o kēia, ulu wikiwiki ka ʻōpū a me nā ʻiʻo nau. Mai poina e pili ana i ka meaʻai momona. Hiki ke hāʻawi ʻia i nā keiki bipi mai ka makahiki ʻekolu pule. Hoʻohui ʻia nā ʻuala i hoʻolapalapa ʻia (mashed potato), kāloti grated i ka waiū, a ma 4 mau pule hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻomaka e hāʻawi i nā beets hānai.

Hay

He aha ka hana inā ʻaʻohe colostrum

I ka hānai ʻana i nā keiki bipi me ka colostrum ma muli o ka nui o nā paʻakai magnesium i loko a me ka acidity kiʻekiʻe, hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia nā ʻōpū i ka meconium (feces mua).

Hānai ʻia nā keiki bipi hou i kēlā me kēia 3-5 hola 4-5 mau manawa i ka lā. I ka manawa like, pono ka liʻiliʻi o ka manawa ma hope o ka hoʻoinu ʻana i ka bipi a me ka hānai ʻana, no ka mea, i kēlā me kēia hola, ʻike ʻia ka nui o nā maʻi bacteria i loko o ka waiū e pale ai i ka ʻai ʻana.

Inā ʻaʻole ʻoe e hānai i ke keiki bipi i loko o hoʻokahi hola ma hope o ka hānau ʻana, a laila hoʻomaka ʻo ia e omo i nā mea a puni. Ma muli o ke aha, hiki iā ia ke maʻi me nā maʻi weliweli, a laila e alakaʻi i ka make o ka holoholona.

  • piʻi wikiwiki ka pae o nā immunoglobulins;

Mea hānai hui no ka ulu ʻana i nā bipiHāʻawi ʻia ka hānai nui i nā keiki bipi i hiki i ʻelua pule o ka makahiki. ʻO ka pinepine, hoʻohana ʻia ka oatmeal kānana maʻamau, no ka mea maʻalahi ia e ʻeli. A i ʻole kūʻai lākou i ka meaʻai hoʻomaka, no ka mea, ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka oatmeal, aia nā huaora, nā minerala a me nā mea pono ʻē aʻe e pono ai no ka ulu olakino o ka holoholona. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hana i kahi hui pū me kou mau lima ponoʻī. ʻO ke kumu ka oats, ka palaoa, ke kulina a me ka bale. Hoʻohui pū ʻia ka ʻai sunflower, ka ʻai iʻa, ka hū meaʻai, ka ʻai mauʻu, ka paʻakai, ka paʻakai, nā phosphates a me nā huaora.

Me ka hoʻohana ʻana i hoʻokahi kumulāʻau vitamina, ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e hāʻawi i nā mea ʻē aʻe.

I ka wā o ka mālama ʻana a me ka hānai ʻana i nā keiki bipi, pono e mālama mau ʻia ka maʻemaʻe a me ka maʻemaʻe. Ma hope o kēlā me kēia hānai ʻana, holoi maikaʻi ʻia nā ipu a hoʻopau ʻia me ka wai paila. ʻO kēia ka mea e hōʻemi ai i ka nui o nā maʻi ʻōpū.

  • hoʻemi nui i ka pilikia o ka maʻi;

Mineral Lick FelucenʻO ka nui o nā maʻi i loaʻa ma muli o ka nele o nā huaora, no laila pono mau e hāʻawi i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i nā huaora i nā keiki bipi. ʻO ka mea nui e noʻonoʻo pono i nā ʻōlelo aʻo ma mua o ka hoʻohui ʻana iā lākou i ka hānai a hahai i nā dosages i kuhikuhi ʻia. E hoʻomaka ana mai 1 mahina, hiki iā ʻoe ke hānai i nā holoholona me Felucen no nā keiki bipi. Loaʻa kēia mea hoʻonui ikehu ma ke ʻano o nā granules, loaʻa nā amino acids, nā minela, kahi paʻakikī o nā huaora, a me nā momona a me nā carbohydrates.

Hoʻohana ʻia ka waiū pauka e hānai i nā bipiNo ka waiu pani no ka waiu pauda no na keiki bipi. Hana ʻia ia mai ka waiū holoʻokoʻa ma ka maloʻo ʻana. ʻElua ʻano: momona ʻole a piha. ʻO ka ʻokoʻa nui ma waena o lākou ka nui o nā meaʻai a me kā lākou kumu. He lōʻihi ke ola o nā ʻano ʻelua. Ma mua o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i ka pauka waiū no nā keiki bipi, pono e helu i ka ʻāpana. Pono ia he 4.5% o ka nui o ke kaumaha o ka holoholona. ʻO kekahi ʻano maikaʻi ʻē aʻe o ka waiū pauka, ʻaʻole i loli kona ʻano ma mua o ka waiū maʻamau (e pili ana i ke kau o ka makahiki). ʻAʻole ia e ʻae i nā maʻi lele. Eia kekahi, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hānai ʻana i nā keiki bipi me ka waiū pani ma mua o ka waiū holoʻokoʻa.

  • 30% hoʻonui i ke kaumaha.

Kolostrum

Ma mua o ka hoʻoinu ʻana i ka bipi ma kēia ʻano, pono e hoʻomaʻemaʻe maikaʻi ʻia ka ʻū o ka bipi.

Inu waiu nā keiki bipiInā ʻaʻohe colostrum a i ʻole e piʻi aʻe ka pilikia o nā maʻi i ka wā e hānai ai iā ia, a laila hānai ʻia ke keiki bipi i ka waiū like ʻole mai kahi pipi ʻē aʻe a hana lākou me ko lākou mau lima ponoʻī. No ka hana ʻana i kēia, hoʻohui ʻia ka 15 ml o ka ʻaila iʻa paʻa, 5 g paʻakai a me 3 mau hua hou i 1 lita o ka waiū hou i lawe ʻia mai kahi bipi hou. Hoʻohui maikaʻi ʻia nā mea a pau a maʻemaʻe. Hāʻawi ʻia kahi bipi keiki hou i 1 lita o ka hui ʻana, a no ka hānai ʻana e hoʻoheheʻe ʻia me ka wai i hoʻolapalapa ʻia e 50%.

ʻenehana hou no ka hānai bipi - wikiō

Pipi me ka bipiMa hope o ka hānau ʻana o ke keiki bipi, pono e hānai ʻia me ka colostrum i loko o ka hapalua hola. Mahalo i kēia, e emi iho ka nui o nā maʻi e 70%, no ka mea, ʻo ka waiū mua ma hope o ka hānau ʻana he kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o nā proteins, carbohydrates, momona, minerala a me nā huaora, a me nā globulins immune a me nā antibodies. ʻAʻole like me ka waiū maʻamau, ʻo ka colostrum he 2 mau manawa ʻoi aku ka paʻa, no laila he waiwai nui ka ikehu.

  • hāʻawi ʻia ka waiū ma nā ʻāpana liʻiliʻi, he mea nui loa i ka hānai ʻana i nā keiki bipi me ka ʻōpū i hoʻomohala ʻole ʻia;

I ka wā e maʻa ai i ka wai a me nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe

Mea pani waiu a me ka waiu pauda

Pono e maʻalahi ka hoʻololi ʻana i kahi ʻano hānai ʻē aʻe, inā ʻaʻole e loaʻa i ka holoholona ka huhū o ka ʻōpū.

I nā pule 2 mua o ke ola, hānai ʻia nā keiki bipi i 1 lita me ka mea inu wai, hoʻokahi a me ka hapa a i ʻole 2 mau hola ma hope o ka ʻai ʻana. Hāʻawi ʻia nā holoholona kahiko i ka 1 a 2 lita i loko o kahi bākeke. Hāʻawi ʻia ka waiū makuahine i nā keiki bipi a hiki i ʻelua pule. A laila no nā pule ʻelua e hiki mai ana, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hānai ʻana me ka waiū hui ʻia mai nā bipi a pau, ʻoiai e hāʻawi i kekahi manawa i nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe, e like me ka skim a i ʻole ka waiū pani no nā keiki bipi.

Hiki ke hānai ʻia nā keiki bipi hou i ka yogurt. No kēia, lawe ʻia kahi 38-40 lita o ka waiū skim i ka 1 lita o ka sourdough. Ma mua o ka hānaiʻana, mālamaʻia no ka hapalua o ka lā. No ka hānai ʻana i nā keiki bipi no ka ʻiʻo ma ka home, hāʻawi nui ʻia ka hānai waiu, no ka mea, hāʻawi lākou i ka hoʻokumu maikaʻi ʻana a me ka ulu ʻana o ka nui o ka ʻiʻo.

keiki bipi hānau houI nā lā mua o ke ola, hiki i ke keiki bipi ke maʻalahi i nā maʻi āpau, no ka mea, aia i loko o kona koko kahi liʻiliʻi o nā kino pale e hiki ke hoʻopau i nā maʻi a me nā maʻi bacteria. No laila, ʻo ka maikaʻi o ka mālama a me ka hānai ʻana i nā keiki bipi a hiki i 3 mau mahina e hoʻoholo ai i ka wikiwiki a me ke olakino e ulu ai lākou. Mālama ʻia lākou i loko o nā hale hoʻomaʻemaʻe, maloʻo a ventilated wale nō, akā me ka ʻole o nā kikoʻī mau. ʻO ka hānai no nā keiki bipi pono e loaʻa ka nui o nā protein, nā huaora a me nā minela.

  • maʻemaʻe mau a mehana ka meaʻai, no laila, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ke komo ʻana;

Ua helu ʻia ka ʻāpana mua mai ka 4 a hiki i ka 6% o ka nui o ke kaumaha o ka bipi. Akā ʻaʻole ʻoi aku ma mua o 20% i kēlā me kēia lā, a me 24% i nā lā aʻe. Mai hāʻawi nui i ka colostrum, no ka mea, e hōʻeha kēia i ka ʻōpū. Inā nāwaliwali ke keiki bipi, a laila ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka inu ʻana i nā ʻāpana liʻiliʻi (0.5-0.7 l), akā ʻoi aku ka pinepine - a hiki i 6 mau manawa i ka lā. ʻO ka awelika o ka hānai ʻana i kēlā me kēia lā he 8 lita.

Bipi momona māʻonaMa hope o 3 mau lā mai ka hānau ʻana, hoʻomaka ke keiki bipi e hāʻawi i ka wai. No ka hānai ʻana i nā keiki bipi a hiki i 3 mahina a ʻoi aku, pono e hoʻohana ʻia ka wai maʻemaʻe a me ka wai hou mai +20°C a +25°C, a no nā keiki hānau hou a hiki i ʻelua pule, ka wai paila me ka mahana o +35°C a + 37°C. Hoʻomaikaʻi nui ia i ka digestibility hānai a me ka helu digestion. Ma kahi o ka wai, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i nā infusions like ʻole, e like me coniferous, hay a i ʻole nā ​​​​lāʻau lapaʻau ʻē aʻe. Hoʻonui lākou i ka ʻai, a ʻo kēia ka mea e hoʻolalelale i ka ulu ʻana o ka holoholona.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke hānai hānai a hiki i 5 mau lā.

Concentrates, succulents a me nā mea hoʻohui huaora

Hānai ʻia nā hui ʻai maloʻo i nā keiki bipi i hiki i nā lā he ʻumi. Hiki i ka 1 kg o ka waiu waiu ke pani i ka 9.5 kg o ka waiū maʻamau. ʻO ka mea pani waiu no nā keiki bipi e hānai ʻia e like me nā ʻōlelo a ka mea hana, akā ʻo ka pinepine e lawe i 8.5 lita o ka wai no 1 kg o ka pauka. Aia i loko o ka hui ʻana o ka waiu skim, nā kīʻaha, ka whey a me ka waiū pata, a loaʻa pū kekahi antibiotic no ka ʻeha o ka ʻōpū. I ka hānai ʻana i ka waiū pani, ʻaʻole i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka hiki ke hoʻoili ʻia nā maʻi i ka bipi mai ka makuahine. Eia kekahi, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā huaora ma mua o ka waiū holoʻokoʻa.

Bipi i hānai ʻia i ka ʻōhumuMa kahi kokoke i hoʻokahi pule o ka makahiki, hoʻomaka nā keiki bipi e aʻo e ʻai i ka mauʻu, no ka mea, kōkua ia i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻōnaehana digestive, a me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i nā ʻiʻo masticatory. Hoʻopuka ʻia ka hay maʻemaʻe wale nō, hou, akā maloʻo iki, me nā ʻōpala liʻiliʻi a me nā lau. Na lakou e haehae mua ke keiki bipi a ai.

Kau ʻia ka hay i loko o ka hīnaʻi ma kahi pae ma luna o ke kua o ke keiki bipi, ma kahi o 10 knm, a i ʻole e waiho wale ʻia i loko o kahi mea hānai. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ke ʻano o ka hānai ʻana, no ka mea, i kēia hihia, e hoʻopau ʻia ke keiki bipi mai ka omo ʻana i nā mea a puni. Hoʻonui iki ʻia ka ʻāpana, no ka hānai ʻana i nā bipi a hiki i 3 mau mahina, a hiki i 1.5 kg o ka mauʻu e pono ai.


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