Utility Enterprise - Nā ʻano o ka ʻona

ʻO nā poho i hana ʻia i kahi hui hui hui ma muli o ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā hoʻoholo a nā luna mokuʻāina a i ʻole nā ​​​​hui aupuni kūloko kūloko e uku ʻia e kēia mau kino me ka ʻoluʻolu a i ʻole ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka ʻaha;

ʻO ka hoʻokele o ka ʻoihana ke alakaʻi ʻia e ke poʻo o ka ʻoihana, i koho ʻia e ke kino nona ka ʻoihana, a ʻo ia ke kuleana i kēia kino;

ʻo ka liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi o ke kapikala ʻae ʻia o kahi hui hui hui i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka ʻaha kūkā kūloko kūpono;

ʻAʻohe kuleana o ka ʻoihana no nā kuleana o ke kino aupuni kūloko a me ke kino i ʻae ʻia e ia;

• pono e hoʻokumu ʻia ka waihona kumukānāwai o kahi hui hui hui ma mua o kona hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻana ma ke ʻano he hui ʻoihana e ke kino ʻae ʻia;

ʻo ka māhele ʻana o nā ʻoihana hui aupuni (a me nā ʻoihana hui aupuni) i nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana ʻole e hiki ai ke hoʻopili i kēia mau ʻano ʻoihana i nā ʻōlelo o ka Economic Code e pili ana i nā ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina a me nā ʻoihana aupuni (e noʻonoʻo ana i ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o lākou).

Loaʻa i nā ʻoihana unitary kūloko nā hiʻohiʻona hiʻohiʻona:

ʻO nā ʻoihana o ke ʻano hui kaiaulu

Hiki i nā mea hoʻohana ke ʻano ʻoihana e hoʻohana ana i ke ʻano o kahi hui hui hui (pili pinepine ʻia me ka hui ʻana o nā ponohana) a i ʻole kahi ʻoihana pili i kaupalena ʻia (ʻo ka hiki ke hoʻokumu i kahi hui e kekahi kanaka i manaʻo ʻia e ke Code Civil o Ukraine (). ʻāpana 2 o ka ʻatikala 114; ʻāpana 1 o ka ʻatikala 140) a me ke Code Economic of Ukraine (Part 1, Article 79).

- Hoʻokō ʻia nā hana a ka mea nona ka waiwai o ka ʻoihana kaiāulu e ke kino i ʻae ʻia, ʻo ia hoʻi, ke kino nona ka mana o ka hoʻokele e pili ana i ka hui hui hui (komite hoʻokō o ka ʻaha kūkā kūloko kūpono, hoʻokele / ʻoihana o ke komite hoʻokō. )

ʻO ka inoa o ka hui hui hui pono e loaʻa nā huaʻōlelo "ʻoihana kaiaulu" a me kahi hōʻailona o ke kino aupuni kūloko i loko o ka mana i hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻoihana;

Ua like ka nui o nā pono aupuni (ma ko lākou kūlana kānāwai) me nā moku'āina, no ka mea, ke hana nei ka mea mua a me ka hope ma ke kumu o ke ʻano o ka lehulehu (state and communal) ʻano kuleana (waiwai kaiāulu, e like me ka paʻi mua o ke kānāwai "On Property. ”, no ka subspecies o ka mokuʻāina ʻano o ka ʻona , ʻo ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i ka waiwai kaiāulu i kahi ʻano ʻokoʻa o nā kuleana waiwai e pili ana me ka ʻae ʻana o ke Kumukānāwai o Ukraine, ma ka Paukū 41 i loaʻa nā ʻano ʻokoʻa e pili ana i nā ʻano o nā kuleana waiwai. - pilikino, moku'āina a me ka lehulehu).

- Ua hana ʻia e ka hoʻoholo ʻana o ke aupuni kūloko kūloko (ke kino i ʻae ʻia e ia) ma ke kauoha hoʻomalu ma ke kumu o ka ʻāpana kaʻawale o ka waiwai kaiāulu;

- Hoʻonohonoho hoʻokele waiwai o kahi ʻano lokahi;

ʻO nā ʻoihana o ke ʻano hui aupuni

• e hana ana ma ke kumu o ka waiwai i loaa i ka waiwai hui a ua haawiia i ia oihana ma ka pono o ka hooponopono waiwai (municipal commercial enterprise) a i ole ma ka pono o ka hooponopono hana (communal non-commercial enterprise);

ʻO kahi hui hui hui kahi hui hui e hana ana ma ke kumu o kahi ʻāpana i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia o ka waiwai kaiāulu, me ka ʻole o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā ʻāpana, ua hana ʻia e ka hoʻoholo ʻana o kahi hui aupuni kūloko i kahi kauoha hoʻomalu a hāʻule i loko o ke ʻano o ka hoʻokele o ke kino. ʻae ʻia e hoʻokele i ka waiwai pili.

ʻAʻole i loaʻa i ke kānāwai "On Enterprises in Ukraine" kekahi mau mea kūikawā e pili ana i nā hui pono. Ma ke Code Economic o Ukraine, Art. 78, ka mea i wehewehe i ke kumu o ke kūlana kānāwai o nā hui hui hui wale nō, me ka nānā ʻole ʻana i nā ʻoihana ʻano hui.

No ka laʻana, i ka wā e hōʻike ana i ka waiwai o ka mokuʻāina, hana ʻia kahi kuhikuhi i Art. 214 o ke Kanawai Kivila o ka Russian Federation; i ka hōʻike ʻana i ka waiwai o nā hui mokuʻāina, ua hoʻokūpaʻa ʻia ʻo ia ka waiwai a ka hui mokuʻāina nona ka mea nona. Hōʻike ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona nui e hiki ai i ka mea hoʻohana OKFS ke hoʻoholo pololei i ke code makemake a hoʻohana.

ʻO ka waiwai o nā kamaʻāina ʻē a me ka poʻe ʻaʻole mokuʻāina Ua māhele ʻia ka palapala i nā ʻano kuleana (FS) ma muli o ke ʻano o ka mea nona ka waiwai. No ka laʻana, ʻo ka waiwai o ka Russian Federation he federal; waiwai, ka mea nona ka inoa i kapa ʻia he hoʻokumu municipal - municipal, etc.

Pōʻokoʻa

He aha ka OKFS?

ʻO ka kuleana pilikino a me nā haole

  • kamaʻāina.

Hoʻohui ʻia ka mana o Rūsia me ka ʻāpana o ka ʻona o nā hui constituent o ka Russian Federation

  • "algorithm hōʻiliʻili", a i ʻole kahi hoʻonohonoho o nā code kūlana i hana i kekahi FS.

ʻO ka hoʻoilina o Rūsia a me nā haole

  • 51 - nā hui kālai'āina o ka lehulehu;

ʻO nā waiwai'ē aʻe Ua hoʻokumuʻia ka classifier i nā kūlana o ke Code Civil o ka Russian Federation a me ke Kumukānāwai - hoʻoponopono lākou i nāʻano o ka mana o ka Russian Federation. ʻO ka OKFS, he mea hou aku, e noʻonoʻo i nā ʻōlelo o nā kānāwai federal e pili ana i kekahi mau ʻano o ke kuleana ma Rusia (FZ No. 3085-1 i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma 06/19/92 "Ma ka hui kūʻai aku", Federal Law No. ”, Federal Law No. 135 o 11/08/95, etc.).

OKFS

Hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o nā ʻano o ke kuleana o nā ʻoihana waiwai e ka Decree of the State Statistics Committee No.

  • No ka maʻalahi o ka hoʻohana ʻana, hāʻawi ʻia ka OKFS me nā noi. ʻO ka waiwai o nā hui lehulehu o ka OKFS i manaʻo ʻia no:
  • OKFS - he papa helu o nā ʻano kuleana o kahi ʻano āpau-Russian. Loaʻa iā ia ka noi ma ka helu helu, ʻauhau, a me nā hōʻike ʻē aʻe o nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana.
  • Aia i loko o ka papa helu nā code o nā ʻano kuleana, ko lākou mau inoa a, inā pono, kahi ʻano e hoʻoholo ai ka code hui.
  • ʻO ka hoʻoilina Lūkini hui ʻia me ka ʻāpana o ka hoʻoilina federal ʻo Russian nona
  • inoa o ke ano o ke kuleana;
  • 52 - uniona kalepa;
  • hoʻopili kikohoʻe (ʻelua huahelu);
  • Hōʻike ʻia ʻo Appendix A i kēlā me kēia ʻano o ka ʻona ma ke kumu o ke kānāwai a me ka hana hoʻokele waiwai.
  • Ka waiwai o na makaainana Rusia e noho mau ana ma na aina e
  • ka nānā 'ana i ka 'ikepili helu, ka helu 'auhau, nā wahi 'ē a'e e pili ana i ka ho'okele waiwai a me ka ho'okele waiwai;
  • ʻO ka papa helu he ʻekolu mau poloka:

    OKFS - All-Russian classifier o nā ʻano kuleana.

    Russian classification of configurations waiwai Ka classifier lawe i ka noonoo i ka mea nona ka hiki ole wale ke kānāwai hui, akā, i kanaka, ka Federation ma ke ano holoʻokoʻa a me kona mau kumuhana, a me ka mea hiki ke waiwai:

    ʻO ka waiwai hui o nā hui aupuni a me nā hoʻomana (hui) a me nā waiwai o nā ʻāina ʻē

    Ka papa inoa o nā kūlana hoʻonohonoho i ka papa helu o nā code

    Waiwai o ka hui like 'ana o na mea hoohana Waiwai o na hui hoomana Waiwai o na hui kanawai o na aina e. Ua hoʻomau ʻo OKFS i ka hoʻomau o ka papa helu mua - CFS ma ke ʻano o ka mālama ʻana i nā code e wehewehe i nā ʻano pilikino. Ma ka manawa like, ke hoʻolauna ʻia nei nā kūlana FS ʻaʻole i kapa ʻia i ke kānāwai o ka Russian Federation, akā aia maoli i ka ʻoihana waiwai: "Mixed Russian (haole) waiwai", "Me ka hui pū ʻana o Rūsia a me nā haole".

    ʻO ka mana Lūkini hui pū

    He aha ke ʻano o kēia mau helu

    ʻO ka waiwai o nā hui o ka Russian Federation Property of international organizations Property of foreign states Ua hāʻawi nā mea hoʻomohala o ka classifier i kekahi mau appendice iā ia. No laila, no ka maʻalahi o ka hoʻohana ʻana, ma ka Pākuʻi B, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā code ma ka alphabetically, a ma ka Appendix C, ma ke ʻano piʻi.

    'O ka 'āina hui 'ana me ka 'āina 'ē

    Nā hiʻohiʻona o ka hoʻohana ʻana iā OKFS

    Hoʻohui ʻia ka mana o Rūsia me ka ʻāpana o ka mokuʻāina

  • mokuʻāina;
  • Ka waiwai o na uniona kalepa Hui federala a me na aina e ka waiwai o ke aupuni.

  • hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka hana analytical ma ka ʻoihana waiwai a me ka waiwai, wānana i nā hanana socio-economic, e hana ana i nā manaʻo no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā kaʻina hana i loko.
  • Waiwai moku'āina ka waiwai o nā hui aupuni a me nā hui hoʻomana (asociations)Ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania
  • ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi waihona o nā papa inoa, cadastres, i loaʻa nā ʻikepili i nā kumuhana o ke kānāwai kīwila;
  • Aia kekahi o nā kūlana koʻikoʻi e ka code 10, kahi code hui e hōʻike ana i ka waiwai Lūkini. Ua hōʻuluʻulu ʻia mai ka mokuʻāina (11), ke kūlanakauhale (14), nona nā kamaʻāina o ka Russian Federation e noho mau ana ma waho o kona mau palena (18), hui pū ʻia ʻo Rūsia (17), hui pū ʻana o nā mea kūʻai aku (19), waiwai o nā hui aupuni a me ka hoʻomana ( 15), pilikino (16), ahahui moku'āina (61).

    Ka waiwai o nā hui aloha ʻO ka waiwai hui o nā hui constituent o ka Russian Federation a me ka waiwai o nā ʻāina ʻē. Hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike iā OKFS ma TIN. Loaʻa ka ʻike i ka lehulehu, a ua hana ʻia kekahi mau lawelawe ma ke kumu e kōkua ai i nā mea hoʻohana i ka ʻikepili helu. ʻO ke ala kūpono loa he noi ma ka pūnaewele official o Rosstat. Loaʻa ka ʻike pololei a me ka manawa hou ma ka pūnaewele o ka Federal Tax Service.

    ʻO nā waiwai Lūkini hui ʻē aʻe ʻO ka waiwai o nā hui aupuni kālai'āina ʻo Federal waiwai Hoʻomaka Hoʻohui A he wehewehe. Hōʻike ia i nā manaʻo o ka classifier. Hoʻopili ʻia nā huaʻōlelo me nā kuhikuhi ʻana i nā loina a me nā wehewehe ʻana mai ka hana o ka nohona waiwai a me ka nohona.

  • Hoʻolālā ʻia nā noi B a me C no ka ʻimi wikiwiki ʻana i kahi code e ka mea hoʻohana ma ka alphabetically a i ʻole ma ka papa piʻi.
  • Ma keʻano he māhele o ka papahana Lūkini i hoʻohuiʻia no ka hoʻonohonohoʻana a me ka hoʻopiliʻana i kaʻikeʻoihana, ua hoʻohanaʻia kekahi mau papa helu i kēia manawa. ʻO kekahi o nā mea koʻikoʻi ʻo OKFS, kahi papa helu o nā ʻano o ka ʻona. Hōʻike ʻia ia ma nā ʻano he nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i ka ʻauhau, nā palapala helu helu o nā hui. Me ka ʻole o ka wehewehe ʻana i ka code OKFS, ʻike ʻia ka ʻike he hewa. Pehea e wehewehe ʻia ai ka code OKFS, pehea ke ʻano, pehea e hoʻoholo ai, e wehewehe ʻia i kā mākou mea.

  • ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā kūlana no ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i nā ʻikepili, ka hiki ke hana automated o ka ʻike loea, ʻoihana a me ka pilikanaka;
  • 50 - nā hui aloha;
  • No ka hōʻike, 01.01.2000 (Decree of the State Standard of Russia 30.03.1999 No. 97)

    Hoʻohālike Algorithm ʻOhi

    Mea kūʻokoʻa i hui pū ʻia ka waiwai Lūkini me nā ʻāpana o ka waiwai federal a me ka waiwai o nā kupa o ka Russian Federation

  • 54 - nā hui hoʻomana.
  • Code 15 "waiwai o nā hui aupuni a me nā hui hoʻomana" (ua hoʻokomo pū ʻia nā hui ma aneʻi) ka huina o nā kūlana ma ka waiwai:

  • 53 - nā hui aupuni;
  • 07/01/2012, No. 6 (Order of Rosstandart dated 05.24.2012 No. 80-st) OK 027-99

    ʻano ʻoihana ʻoihana, a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe, me

    8. I nā hihia o ka hilinaʻi ʻana i kahi ʻoihana ʻē aʻe, ʻoi aku ia ma
    mua o ka nui o hoʻokahi haneli miliona hryvnias.

    ʻoihana kaiaulu e hana ana ma ke kumu o ka
    hoʻonohonoho hou ʻana o ka waiwai kaiāulu a me ka hoʻopau ʻana o ka ʻoihana. He hui ka hui

    6. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona o ke kūlana kānāwai o ka hui hui a me nā
    ʻoihana lawelawe hui) no kēia manawa ʻaʻole i ʻoi aku ma mua o kanahiku miliona hryvnias.

    mokuʻāina, kaiaulu, ʻoihana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka waiwai o
    lalo o ʻumi pakeneka, ʻike ʻia ʻo ia he ʻoihana me nā hoʻopukapuka haole.
    i hāʻawi ʻia ma ka Paukū 126 o kēia Code, ʻike ʻia ka ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he lālā.
    nā mea hoʻokumu (nā mea komo), kā lākou hoʻokele hui ʻana i nā hihia, ma ke kumu
    o nā kuleana ʻoihana, e komo pū ana ma o nā kino i hana ʻia e lākou, ke komo ʻana.

    he hui kaiaulu hui e hana ana ma ke kumu aelike o ke kālā hui (mālama) e nā kaiāulu territorial pili - nā kumuhana o ka hui.

    waiwai hui);

    nā mea hoʻokumu (nā mea komo) i ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka loaʻa kālā a me nā pilikia o ka ʻoihana.
    ʻO ka hui nā ʻoihana hui, nā ʻoihana i hana ʻia i nā
    hiʻohiʻona i hoʻokumu ʻia o ka hoʻokele.

    he hana pilikino e hana ana ma muli o ka waiwai pilikino o nā makaʻāinana a i ʻole

    4. Hoʻokumu ʻia kahi ʻoihana hui e kekahi mea hoʻokumu nāna i hoʻokaʻawale

    7. Hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka ʻāpana ʻehiku.

    i hoʻokumu ʻia e kēia Code, nā hana kānāwai ʻē aʻe.

    ma ke kanawai.

    3. Ma muli o ke ʻano o ka hana ʻana (institution) a me ka hoʻokumu ʻana o kahi
    kanaka statutory, a me ka nui o ka loaʻa kālā nui mai ke kūʻai ʻana aku i nā huahana (hana, lawelawe) no ka makahiki o kahi
    ʻoihana ʻoihana (hui kānāwai);

    ka waiwai e pono ai no keia, e like me ke kanawai, ke kanawai

    he ʻoihana e hana ana ma ke kumu o ka hui pū ʻana (kahi ʻoihana
    , ʻoi aku ka nui o nā limahana no ka makahiki hōʻike (kālā) ma mua o ʻelua haneli a me kanalima
    mau kaiāulu;

    ʻO ke kapikala ma Ukraine aia nā hui hui a me nā hui.

    ʻIke ʻia nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe a pau ma ke ʻano he medium.

    he kanalima mau kānaka, a me ka nui o ka loaʻa kālā mai ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā huahana (hana,
    hui o ka waiwai a / a i ʻole ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka hana hana.

    ʻO kahi ʻoihana mokuʻāina e hana ana ma ke kumu o nā
    mea hoʻokumu mokuʻāina ma o kā lākou hoʻoholo hui (ʻaelike), hana ma ke kumu o

    ʻIke ʻia nā ʻoihana nui e like me nā ʻoihana nona ka waihona kālā helu maʻamau
    , ʻaʻole i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i nā ʻāpana (mahele), ʻae i ka charter, hāʻawi kālā,

    nona; ʻO ka liʻiliʻi (me ka nānā ʻole i ke ʻano o ka ʻona) he mau ʻoihana i loko o ka
    Enterprise, i loko o ke kapikala i ʻae ʻia i hoʻokahi haneli

    kahi ʻoihana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke ʻano hui like ʻole (e pili ana i ka hui ʻana o ka waiwai o nā ʻano ʻano like ʻole);

    5. Hoʻokumu ʻia kahi ʻoihana hui, ma ke ʻano he lula, e nā ʻoihana ʻelua a ʻoi aku paha
    o kēia mau ʻano:

    pakeneka, ua manaoia he hana haole.

    mea hoʻokumu.

    2. Inā ʻaʻole ʻo ka hoʻokomo kālā ʻana o nā ʻāina ʻē i ke kapikala ʻae ʻia o ka ʻoihana

    9. No nā ʻoihana o kekahi ʻano a me nā ʻano hui,
    nā hui o nā kamaʻāina, nā hui hoʻomana a i ʻole ma ka waiwai pilikino
    pololei a i ʻole ma o kahi luna i koho ʻia e ia, nāna e hoʻokele i ka ʻoihana a ua
    hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka waiwai pilikino o ʻelua a ʻoi aku paha. kānāwai.

    Hiki ke hana ʻia nā ʻano ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ma Ukraine, inā
    ʻaʻole i ʻoi aku ka nui o ka helu o nā limahana no ka makahiki hōʻike (kālā).

    1. Ma muli o nā ʻano o ka ʻona i hoʻolako ʻia e ke kānāwai, ma Ukraine
    hoʻokumu i kāna hui hana ma nā kumu o ka hana, hoʻoholo i nā pilikia.

    ʻO kahi hui hui hui e alakaʻi ʻia e ke poʻo o ka ʻoihana, i koho ʻia e ke kino nona ka mana o ka ʻoihana a ke kuleana nei i kēia kino.

    I ka wā e hoʻololi ai ke poʻo o kahi ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina, pono ia e hana i kahi loiloi o nā hana kālā a me ka hoʻokele waiwai o ka ʻoihana ma ke ʻano i kuhikuhi ʻia e ke kānāwai.

    Hāʻawi ʻia ka waiwai o kahi ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina iā ia ma muli o ke kuleana o ka hoʻokele waiwai.

    ʻAʻole kuleana o kahi hui aupuni mokuʻāina i nā kuleana o ka mea nona ka mana a me ka mana i loko o kāna ʻoihana hoʻokele i hoʻokomo ʻia.

    ʻO nā poho i hoʻoili ʻia ma kahi ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina ma muli o ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā hoʻoholo a nā luna mokuʻāina a i ʻole nā ​​​​hui aupuni kūloko kūloko, i ʻike ʻia e ka ʻaha i ke kumukānāwai ʻole a i ʻole kūpono ʻole, e uku ʻia e nā kino i ʻōlelo ʻia a i ʻole e kekahi olelo hooholo aha.

    ʻO ka moku'āina a me ke kino, i ka ʻāpana o ka hoʻokele i hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina, ʻaʻole kuleana no kāna mau kuleana, koe wale nō nā hihia i hoʻolako ʻia e ka Economic Code a me nā kānāwai ʻē aʻe [2, p.73].

    ʻO kahi ʻoihana mokuʻāina he ʻoihana mokuʻāina ia, e like me ke kānāwai o Ukraine, ʻaʻole ia e pili i ka privatization. ʻO nā hoʻoholo no ka hoʻololi ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mokuʻāina i kahi ʻoihana aupuni e hana ʻia ma lalo o kekahi o kēia mau kūlana: ke alakaʻi nei ka ʻoihana i ka hana a i ʻole nā ​​​​hana ʻē aʻe, e like me ke kānāwai, hiki ke hana ʻia e kahi ʻoihana aupuni; ʻO ka mea kūʻai nui o nā huahana o ka hui (ʻoi aku ma mua o 50%) ka moku'āina; ʻO ka ʻoihana ke kumuhana o nā monopoli kūlohelohe. Wahi a ka nui o ka hoʻokele waiwai o ka ʻoihana a me ka helu o kāna mau limahana (me ka ʻole o ke ʻano o ka ʻona), hiki ke helu ʻia he ʻoihana liʻiliʻi.

    ʻO nā poho i hoʻokau ʻia ma kahi hui hui hui ma muli o ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā hoʻoholo a nā luna mokuʻāina a i ʻole nā ​​​​hui aupuni kūloko kūloko e uku ʻia e kekahi mau kino me ka manawaleʻa a i ʻole ka hoʻoholo ʻaha hoʻokolokolo [14, p.32].

    ʻAʻole kuleana ʻia kahi hui hui hui no nā kuleana o ka mea nona a me ka hui aupuni ponoʻī kūloko, nona ka mana [49, p.37].

    Hana nā ʻoihana hui aupuni ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina a i ʻole ʻoihana aupuni.

    Hiki i ke kānāwai ke wehewehe i nā hiʻohiʻona o ke kūlana o ke poʻo o kahi hui hui aupuni, me ka hoʻonui i ke kuleana o ke poʻo no nā hopena o ka ʻoihana.

    Aia ka waiwai o kahi hui aupuni moku'āina i ka mana aupuni a ua hāʻawi ʻia i kēlā ʻoihana ma ke kumu o ke kuleana o ka hoʻokele waiwai a i ʻole ke kuleana o ka hoʻokele hana.

    Inā ʻo ka waiwai o nā waiwai o kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana mokuʻāina, e pili ana i nā hopena o kāna mau hana, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o ka nui o ke kumulāʻau ʻae ʻia i hāʻawi ʻia e ka charter o ka ʻoihana, ke kino nona wahi o ka hoʻokele ʻana ua koi ʻia kēia ʻoihana e hōʻemi i kāna kapikala ʻae ʻia e like me ke kaʻina hana i hoʻokumu ʻia e ke kānāwai, akā ʻaʻole ma lalo o ka liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi i hoʻokumu ʻia o ke kapikala ʻae ʻia.

    Hoʻomaopopo ʻia nā ʻoihana ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana a i ʻole nā ​​​​hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i hana ʻia e nā hui kānāwai a i ʻole kamaʻāina ma o ka hoʻohui ʻana i kā lākou waiwai a me ke komo ʻana i nā hana ʻoihana o ka ʻoihana no ka loaʻa kālā.

    ʻAʻohe kuleana o ka ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina e hoʻoili i ka waiwai ma muli o ia mea i nā hui kānāwai ʻē aʻe a i ʻole kamaʻāina me ka uku ʻole, koe wale nō nā hihia i hāʻawi ʻia e ke kānāwai. He kuleana ko ka mokuʻāina ʻoihana kalepa e hoʻokaʻawale i nā mea waiwai i pili i ka waiwai paʻa wale nō me ka ʻae mua o ke kino nāna ia e hoʻokele, a ma nā kumu hoʻokūkū wale nō, ke ʻole i hāʻawi ʻia e ke kānāwai. He kuleana ko ka mokuʻāina ʻoihana kalepa e hoʻolilo i ka waiwai o nā waiwai paʻa ma ke ʻano ʻē aʻe wale nō i loko o nā palena o ka mana a ma ke ʻano i hoʻolako ʻia e ka Economic Code a me nā kānāwai ʻē aʻe [21, p.78].

    Hoʻokumu ʻia kahi ʻoihana hui mokuʻāina e kahi mana mokuʻāina mākaukau ma ke ʻano prescriptive ma ke kumu o kahi ʻāpana i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia o ka waiwai o ka mokuʻāina, ma ke ʻano he kānāwai, me ka ʻole o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā ʻāpana, a ua hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka ʻāpana o kāna hoʻokele [47, 62] .

    ʻO ka waiwai o kahi hui hui kaiaulu aia i ka kuleana kaiaulu a ua hāʻawiʻia i kēlāʻoihana ma ka pono o ka hoʻokele waiwai (communal commercial enterprise) a iʻole ma ka pono o ka hoʻokele hana (communal non-commercial enterprise) [43, p.4] .

    Hoʻokumu ʻia ka waihona kumukānāwai o kahi ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina e ke kino ʻae ʻia, nona ka ʻāpana o ka hoʻokele i hoʻokomo ʻia, ma mua o ka hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻana o kēia ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana. ʻO ka liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi o ke kapikala ʻae ʻia o kahi ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina ua hoʻokumu ʻia e ke kānāwai [20, p.512].

    ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hana hoʻokele waiwai a me ka pilikanaka o nā ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina e hoʻoholo ʻia e ke kānāwai.

    ʻO nā pono aupuni a me ka lehulehu

    ʻO ke ʻano a me nā alakaʻi no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi hoʻolālā kālā e ʻae ʻia e ke kikowaena hoʻokō kikowaena no nā pilikia waiwai.

    Hoʻohana ʻia nā kālā i loaʻa mai ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā mea waiwai i nā waiwai paʻa o kahi ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina e like me ka hoʻolālā kālā i ʻāpono ʻia [27, p.94].

    ʻO kahi ʻoihana mokuʻāina he ʻoihana e hana ana ma ke kumu o ka mana aupuni.

    ʻO ke kino hoʻomalu o kahi hui hui aupuni ke poʻo o ka ʻoihana, ka mea i koho ʻia e ke kino nona ka mana o ka ʻoihana, a ʻo ia ke kuleana i kēia kino [26, p.156].

    ʻO ka kākau ʻana mai ke koena o nā waiwai paʻa ʻole i hoʻemi ʻia, a me ka hoʻemi ʻana i ka waiwai paʻa o kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana aupuni, hiki ke hana wale ʻia me ka ʻae o ke kino nona ka mana o ka ʻoihana i hāʻawi ʻia.

    ʻO ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā waiwai ʻole, a me nā mokulele a me nā moku kai, nā moku hoʻokele i uka a me ka ʻōwili ʻana o nā kaʻa kaʻa kaʻa ma lalo o ka ʻae ʻia ma ke ʻano i kuhikuhi ʻia me ka State Property Fund o Ukraine.

    Hoʻoholo ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona o ka hana hoʻokele waiwai o nā ʻoihana hui kaiaulu e like me nā koi i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka Economic Code e pili ana i nā hana o nā ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina a i ʻole nā ​​​​ʻoihana aupuni, a me nā koi ʻē aʻe i hāʻawi ʻia e ke kānāwai.

    ʻO kahi ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina ke kumuhana o ka hana ʻoihana, e hana ana ma ke kumu o kahi palapala hoʻopaʻa inoa a nona ke kuleana no ka hopena o kāna mau hana me nā waiwai āpau i loaʻa iā ia ma ke kuleana o ka hoʻokele waiwai e like me ka Economic Code a me nā kānāwai ʻē aʻe. e like me ke Kānāwai Waiwai [47; p.74].

    ʻO kahi ʻoihana waiwai hui he hui a hui pū ʻia paha e hana ana ma ke kumu o ka waiwai o ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu.

    Hiki ke hoʻololi ʻia kahi ʻoihana kalepa mokuʻāina, ma nā hihia a ma ke ʻano i kuhikuhi ʻia e ke kānāwai, i ʻoihana hui (state joint-stock company). Hoʻoholo ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona o nā hana o nā ʻoihana hui e ke Code a me nā kānāwai ʻē aʻe [20, p.513].

    ʻO ke kino, ma ke ʻano o ka hoʻokele ʻana i hoʻokomo ʻia ai ka hui hui hui, ʻo ia ka ʻelele o ka mea nona - ka hui ʻāina āpau, a hana i kāna mau hana i loko o nā palena i hoʻoholo ʻia e ka Economic Code a me nā hana kānāwai ʻē aʻe.

    Hoʻokumu ʻia ke kālā statutory o kahi hui hui hui e ke kino nona ka ʻoihana hoʻokele e komo ai, ma mua o kona kākau inoa ʻana ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana. Hoʻokumu ʻia ka liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi o ke kapikala ʻae ʻia o kahi hui hui hui e ka ʻaha kūkā kūloko kūpono.

    Hoʻokumu ʻia kahi ʻoihana hui kaiaulu e ke kino aupuni ponoʻī kūloko kūpono ma ke ʻano prescriptive ma ke kumu o kahi ʻāpana i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia o ka waiwai kaiāulu a ua hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka ʻāpana o kāna hoʻokele [33, p.123].

    Pono ka ʻoihana ʻoihana mokuʻāina e ʻae a hoʻokō i nā kauoha mokuʻāina i hōʻike ʻia ma mua o ke ʻano i kuhikuhi ʻia e ke kānāwai, e noʻonoʻo iā lākou i ka wā e hoʻokumu ai i kahi papahana hana, e hoʻoholo ana i nā manaʻo no ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ka pilikanaka a me ke koho ʻana i nā ʻaelike, a huki pū kekahi. a hoʻokō i ka haʻihaʻi makahiki a me ka hapahā o ka hoʻolālā kālā no kēlā me kēia makahiki e hiki mai ana.

    ʻO kahi hui kaiaulu he ʻoihana e hana ana ma ke kumu o ka waiwai kaiāulu o kahi kaiāulu territorial.

    Ka hopena: ʻO kahi ʻoihana pilikino he ʻoihana e hana ana ma ke kumu o ka waiwai pilikino o hoʻokahi a ʻoi aku paha nā kamaʻāina, nā haole, nā kānaka ʻole a me kāna (kā lākou) hana a i ʻole me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka hana hoʻolimalima.


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